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Chapter 25 Government Academic Vocab
Terms in this set (25)
a major unit of local government in most states
a subdivison of a county
an urban political unit within a township that usually exists as a seperate government entity
an independent unit created to perform one or more related governmental functions at the local level.
the process by which a state establishes a city as a legal body .
a city's basic law, its constitution, a written grant of authority from the king.
the oldest and and most widely used type of city government -an elected mayor as the chief executive and an elected council as its legislative body .
a type of government in which the mayor heads the city's administration.
a type of government in which the mayor shares his or her executive duties with other elected officials .
a government formed by the commissioners, heads of different departments of city government , who are popularly elected to form the city council and thus center both legislative and executive powers in one body.
a modification of the mayor-council government , it consist of a strong council of members elected on a non-partisan ballot, a weak mayor , elected by the people , and a manager , named by the council.
the practice of dividing a city into a number of districts and regulating the uses to which the property in each of them may be put
a city and the area around it
a program administered by the State to provide medical insurance to low-income families
cash assistance to the poor
a benefit that federal law says must be paid to all those who meet the eligibility requirements (medicare,food stamps,veterans pension)
a tax placed on the sale of various commodities, paid by the purchaser.
a tax levied at a flat rate , without regard to the level of a taxpayers income or ability to pay.
a tax levied on the income of individuals and/or corporations
a type of tax proportionate to income
a tax levied on real and personal property.
the process of determining the value of property to be taxed.
a tax levied on the the beneficiary's share of an estate.
a levy imposed on the assets of one who dies
a financial plan for the use of money , personnel, and property.