m-q CNA 2019
Terms in this set (145)
A type of mental illness that may cause a person to lose interest in everything he once cared about.
making occupied bed
Making a bed with the resident stall in it.
male perineal care
Care of the genitals and anal area on a man.
Injury to a person due to professional misconduct through negligence, carelessness, or lack of skill.
A covering or appliance for shading, protecting, or medicating the face.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
It is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation. "Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
To touch or rub sexual organs in order to give oneself or another sexual pleasure.
material safety data sheets
System for cataloging information on chemicals, chemical compounds, and chemical mixtures.
The measurement of vertical distance.
Measurement of the hotness of a body relative to a standard scale.
It provides a safe transfer for patients/residents from a supine to seated position or seated to seated transfer. Also called a hoyer lift.
mechanical soft diet
A diet containing ground or pureed foods that are easy to chew, often eaten by people who have dental problems or are lacking teeth.
A medical assistance program for low- income people.
Techniques used to control and to reduce the spread of pathogenic microorganisms. A medical aseptic technique is hand washing.
A chronological written account of a patient's examination and treatment that includes the patient's medical history and complaints.
A federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, are disabled, or are ill and cannot work.
Drugs used to treat an illness.
Refers to the loss of memories, such as facts, information and experiences.
It is the permanent end of menstruation and fertility.
A person's overall emotional and psychological condition.
Classification identifying offenders with documented mental disabilities such as a major mental illness.
Physical and chemical processes by which substances are produced or broken down into energy or products for use by the body.
A living thing or organism that is so small that it can be seen only through a micro-scope; also called microorganism.
An organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
A type of urine specimen in which the first and last urine are not included in the sample.
minimum data set
(MDS) A detailed form with guidelines for assessing residents in long- term care facilities, also details what to do if resident problems are identified.
Operates off a 24-hour clock.
The ability to move or be moved freely and easily.
mode of transmission
Method of describing how a pathogen travels from one person to the next person.
Diets for people who have certain illnesses; also called special or therapeutic diets.
Care includes brushing the teeth, flossing between them and checking the inside of the mouth and gums. It may also Include cleaning dentures.
State of movement; change of location.
Stands for methicillin-resistant Staphy- lococcus aureus, an antibiotic-resistant infection often acquired by people in hospitals and other healthcare facilities who have weakened immune systems.
The membranes that line body cavities such as the mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, or genitals.
It is an involuntary contrition of a muscle.
Relating to or involving the muscles and the skeleton.
Defined as promotion of clean, neat attractive nails and prevention of skin lesions related to improper care of nails.
It is a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help. This device consists of a plastic tube which fits behind the ears, and a set of two prongs which are placed in the nostrils.
A feeding tube that is inserted into the nose and goes to the stomach.
Sharp instruments for suturing or puncturing.
Harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care.
Actions, or the failure to act or provide the proper care, that result in unintended injury to a person.
A resident who is new to the facility.
Diseases that are not able to be spread from person to person.
Body language, communicating without using words.
(NWB) Unable to support any weight on one or both legs.
A hospital acquired Infection.
nothing by mouth
It is an area of a health care facility where nurses and other health care staff sit behind when not working directly with patients.
nursing assistant's role
Perform assigned tasks, such as bathing residents, helping them eat and drink, hair care, independence, and self-care.
Something found in food that provides energy, promotes growth and health, and helps regulate metabolism.
The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues. The science or study that deals with food and nourishment, especially in humans.
Something worked toward or striven for; a goal.
Information based on what a person sees, hears, touches, or smells.
(Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act) A law passed by the federal government that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents.
obsessive compulsive disorder
A disorder in which a person uses obsessive behavior to cope with anxiety.
A condition in which the tube through which air enters the lungs is blocked.
occupational safety and health administration
(OSHA) A federal government agency that makes rules to protect workers from hazards on the job.
A bed while a person is in the bed.
The legal advocate for residents, who helps resolve disputes and settle conflicts.
The top covers are folded back so that a client can easily get into bed.
Questions that cannot be answered with a yes or no.
Care of the mouth, teeth, and gums.
It is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems and bad breath.
Temperature taken from the mouth.
The awareness of one's physical environment with regard to time, place, and the identity of other people. The ability to adapt to such an existing or new environment.
To make familiar with or adjusted to fads, principles, or a situation.
The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, Joints, and ligaments.
A device that helps support and align a limb and improve its functioning and helps prevent or correct deformities.
A common type of arthritis that usually affects the hips, knees, fingers, thumbs, and spine.
A disease that causes bones to become porous and brittle.
A surgically-created opening from an area inside the body to the outside.
A removable, disposable bag that attaches to the exterior opening of a colostomy (stoma) to permit sanitary collection and disposal of bodily wastes.
Care given for less than 24 hours for people who have had treatments or surgery and need short-term skilled care.
All fluid that is eliminated from the body including urine, feces, vomitus, perspiration, and moisture in the air that is exhaled.
A table that is placed over the bed for eating and other activities.
Element essential for breathing: a colorless odorless gas that is the most abundant element, forms compounds with most others, is essential for plant and animal respiration, and is necessary in most cases for combustion.
It is oxygen therapy, which is the administration of oxygen as a medical intervention, which can be for a variety of purposes in both chronic and acute patient care.
Walking back and forth in the same area.
It is a feeling triggered in the nervous system, it may be sharp or dull, it may come and go, or it may be constant.
Care that focuses on the comfort and dignity of the person rather than on curing them.
A disorder in which a person is terrified for no known reason.
A Loss or impairment of the ability to move a body part, usually as a result of damage to its nerve supply.
Extreme and unreasonable suspicion of other people and their motives.
Loss of function of lower body and legs.
A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people.
The act of assisting partially.
partial weight bearing
(PWB) Able to support some weight on one or both legs.
Not participating readily or actively.
Unintentionally harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care.
An infestation of lice.
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
(PEG) tube. A tube placed through the skin directly into the stomach to assist with eating.
Care of the genitals and anal area.
The genital and anal area.
The involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
The repetition of words, phrases, questions, or actions.
Relating to life outside one's job, such as family, friends, and home life.
Assistance with washing, dressing, and other personal needs.
Privately owned items, such as keys, an identification card, or a wallet or watch.
Stressors that affect the individual personally.
The use of trained animals and handlers to achieve specific physical, social, cognitive, and emotional goals.
petit mal seizure
A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness. A petit mal seizure involves a brief loss of awareness, which can be accompanied by blinking or mouth twitching.
It is pain that feels like it's coming from a body part that's no longer there. Doctors once believed this post-amputation phenomenon was a psychological problem, but experts now recognize that these real sensations originate in the spinal cord and brain.
An extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something.
Any treatment, Intentional or not, that causes harm to a person's body, includes slapping, bruising, cutting, burning, physically, restraining, pushing, shoving, or rough handling.
It is something that you need to live water, food, shelter, clothing.
Everything a physician needs to do his job.
Authority given to a physician to make decisions.
Taking things that belong to someone else.
An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an area. Examples include dental plaque and cholesterol plaque.
A course of action that should be taken every time a certain situation occurs.
Book of rules and procedures to follow.
A chair with a toilet seat and a removable container underneath; used for elimination.
portal of entry
Any body opening on an uninfected person that allows pathogens to enter.
portal of exit
Any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to leave.
The place where somebody or something is, especially in relation to other things. The act of helping people into positions that will be comfortable and healthy for them.
Care of the body after death.
Happening or done after a surgical operation.
post-traumatic stress disorder
An anxiety-related disorder caused by a traumatic experience.
the way a person holds and positions his body.
Lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection.
Personal Protective Equipment. Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protection against health and safety hazards.
A condition in which a person's blood glucose levels are above normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Areas of the body that bear much of its weight.
A serious wound resulting from skin breakdown, also known as a bed sore or decubitus ulcer.
Are areas of damaged skin and tissue caused by sustained pressure.
Efforts to prevent or reduce the severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms.
The ability of an Individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves.
A method, or way, of doing something.
Having to do with work or a job.
How a person behaves when he or she is on the Job; it includes how a person dresses, the words he uses, and the things he talks about.
Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step.
Lying flat, esp. face downward or on the stomach.
A device that replaces a body part.
Protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury.
Any behavior that causes a person to feel threatened, fearful, intimidated, or humiliated in any way.
They are understanding, compassion, attention, strength, trust, self-esteem, and companionship.
A method of treating mental z1lness that involves talking about one's problems with mental health professionals.
It is the rate at which your heart beats.
It is designed to provide liquid foods and foods of a smooth, soft consistency that require no chewing.
One of four corresponding parts, or quarters.
It is paralysis caused by Illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or total loss of use of all their limbs and torso.
quality of life
The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is an important consideration in medical care. Some medical treatments can seriously impair quality of life without providing appreciable benefit, whereas others greatly enhance quality of life.
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