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Section 2 Part 1
Terms in this set (30)
a person who lives a solitary life in order to commit himself or herself fully to prayer and in some cases to be completely free to be of service to others
the superior and spiritual leader of a monastery.
a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with artwork such as decorated initials, borders and illustrations, often using gold and silver. During the Middle ages, manuscripts were copied and illuminated by hand, work often done by monks.
a system that evolved in Western Europe in the 8th and 9th centuries in which society was ordered around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service and protection
The church's sphere of power and authority both politically and spiritually during the Middle Ages
An independent country ruled by the Pope until 1870, covering a wide strip of land in the middle of the Italian peninsula. The Papal States were awarded to the papacy in 156 in a formal deed called the Donation of Pepin.
A Germanic tribe that inhabited the Roman provinces of Gaul (roughly coinciding with modern day France) starting in the 6th century.
The Scandinavian explorers, merchants and warriors who invaded and settled in Europe from the late 8th to the 11th centuries.
The buying or selling something spiritual such as a grace, a sacrament, or a relic
an official letter or charter issued by the Pope named for the bulla or waxed seal that was used to authenticate it
A person claiming to be pope in opposition to the Pope chosen in accordance with Christian law
residence of religious women who are bound together by vows to a religious life
male hermit; lived alone seeking prayer, meditation, and solitude; Greek root "monos" means one
literally "behind walls;" women and men in a religious order who choose to live
building occupied by monks who have taken vows
the entirety of the land and other buildings surrounding the monastery
What happened after the fall of Rome?
Europe began changing socially, invasions from Germanic and Scandinavian people, and Vikings who destroyed monasteries and their libraries
What happened to Vikings
they converted to Christianity through missionaries and marriage
What were the three main challenges the Church faced in the Middle Ages?
Lay Investiture, Simony, and Celibacy
What were lay investiture, simony, and celibacy?
Lay investiture- paying to be a priest or bishop.
Simony- buying God's grace, especially through sacraments.
Celibacy- The state or condition of those who have chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the kingdom of heaven in order to give themselves entirely to God and to the service of his people; A priest would violate this with a mistress; sometimes they would leave the office to their offspring.
St Pacohmius establishes what? Similar to who?-
Christian monasticism in the West; Saint Basil the Great in the East
The state or condition of those who have chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the kingdom of heaven in order to give themselves entirely to God and to the service of his people
"moderation of all things"
-St. Benedict of Nursia
-is on a hill between Rome and Naples.
-is a museum today that was once a monastery.
-St. Benedict's monastery.
-self sustaining community.
-Established monasteries in France to evangelize barbarians
St. Martin of Tours
-Converted thousands in
-Built many monasteries in
-Taught about the trinity
through the Shamrock.
-Drove off snakes
St. Patrick of Ireland
-Founded Kildare Abbey in
Kildare, Ireland (women live in one part and men another)
-Also spelled Brigit, Bridget
-Feast Day February 1st
-what did she do to monasteries
-1/2 boys and the other girls
Irish Missionary Monk
Goes to Scottish Isle of Iona and establishes monasteries there to St. Benedict's rule
4 ways Christian Monasticism contributed to the Church:
-Revolutionized agriculture- by making it more efficient
What do Monasteries contain
art and books
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Forming Subjunctive Clauses
Forming the Indicative
Roman religion, weddings, and funerals