18 terms

Stress and Conflict

Psychology unit
STUDY
PLAY
Stress
A state of tension experienced by individuals facing extraordinary demands, constraints, or opportunities.
Stressor
An internal or external event or stimulus that induces stress.
Stress Reaction
physical and emotional response to a stressor
Distress
Negative stress
Eustress
A positive stress that energizes a person and helps a person reach a goal
Coping
Alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
Perceived Control
The belief that we can influence our environment in ways that determine whether we experience positive or negative outcomes
Internal Locus of Control
The perception that you control your own fate.
External Locus of Control
the perception that chance or outside forces beyond one's personal control determine one's fate
Cognitive Preparation
the coping strategy in which the person mentally rehearses possible outcomes
Defense Mechanism
Largely unconscious reactions that protect a person from unpleasant emotions such as anxiety and guilt
Denial
Defense mechanism by which people refuse to accept reality.
Intellectualization
A coping mechanism in which the person analyzes a situation from an emotionally detached viewpoint.
Repression
Defense mechanism by which anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings are forced to the unconscious.
Displacement
A defense mechanism that involves shifting unacceptable wishes or drives to a neutral or less threatening alternative.
Projection
A defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else
Rationalism
Reinterpretation to justify your actions
Regression
A defense mechanism where one reverts to an earlier stage of development.
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