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26 terms

History Chapter 21 Review

STUDY
PLAY
How did the puritans finally win the english civil war
They found general Oliver Cromwell who's new model army beat the cavaliers in 1646. The puritans took the king prisoner
What was the thirty years war a conflict over
Religion, territory., and power among European ruling families
During the reign of Ivan the Terrible, which group suffered the greatest loss of power
The Boyars
What did Fredrick the Great believe a ruler should be
Like a father to his people
Why did Peter the Great build the city of St. Petesburg
He wanted a window to the west, and wanted a capital on a major trade route
What event led to the War of the Spanish Succession
Phillip raised taxes in the netherlands and moved to crush protesntism
Why did strong states form more slowly in Central Europe than in Western Europe
The economy of central europe developed differently from that of western Europe, and Central Europe held down surfs and blocked the development of strong kings
What political purpose did the splendid palace at versailles serve
It showed Louis wealth and power to everyone who came to the palace. the elaborate ceremonies impressed the kings and made other European monarchs jealous
What was one reason that Ivan was called Ivan the terrible
He turned against the Boyars and tried to have them all killed
How did the United Providences of the Netherlands differ from neighboring states
Religious toleration was practiced and the United Providences was not a kingdom, but a republic that had elected governors
What was the significance of the English Bill of Rights
To make clear the limits of English Royal power
What king became Frances most powerful ruler and boasted i am the state
Louis IV
Which war resulted in the beginning of the modern state system in Europe
The Thirty Years War
What problem helped weaken the Spanish Empire
Severe inflation due to heavy taxes
How did the economy of central Europe differ from that of Western Europe
Serfs in Western Europe gained freedom and joined the middle class people. In turn, Western European monarchs taxed the towns and were able to raise armies. Central Europe passed laws that restricted serfs from gaining freedom so they were not able to tax their citizens
What did the glorious revolution bring to England's throne
A constitutional monarchy, Bill of Rights, and Cabinet members to England's throne. As well as William and Mary
Who inherited the Austrian throne only after Charles had the european powers sign an agreement declaring they would recognize the hier
Maria Theresa
What did the restoration restore to power in England
The English Monarchy
Which war was sparked by religious conflict and resulted in the increased power of France, the weakening of Spain and Austria and the devastation of germany
The Thirty Years War
European monarchs became absolute rulers in response to...
The Peace of Westphalia
What concept was the belief in the divine right used to support
Absolute Monarchy
What was the Edict of Nantes issued in an effort to do
Declare religious tolerance, and bring an end to religious conflict in France
After the northern Dutch gained their freedom from Spain, what kind of government did they set up
An absolute monarch
What were some of Phillip's accomplishments as King of Spain
He was able to support a large army, defend catholicism, and give a lot to the arts
By the end of the 1600s what had England's system of government become
A Constitutional Monarchy
What is an absolute monarchy, how was absolutism encouraged by the belief in the divine rights of monarchs, and upheavals of time
An absolute monarchy is, a monarchy where all the power was in the King and Queen's hands. Absolutism was encouraged by the belief in the divine rights because they believed that god created the monarchy, and that only the monarchy should be allowed to rule as the representatives of God.