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Reading Historically Midterm
Terms in this set (75)
This term refers to a short romance, which is often associated with the region of Brittany and courtly love.
This Latin word is used to describe the relationship between a lord and his warriors in Anglo-Saxon (and, more generally Germanic) society.
This Middle English word, cognate with Modern English truth, may refer to an oath or promise.
Ubi sunt motif
A Latin phrase meaning "where are they," which refers to a motif that emphasizes loss to draw attention to the transitory nature of human existence
The Wife of Bath defends her multiple marriages by using and glossing classical and biblical sources, which are also known by this Middle English word with a similarly sounding Modern English cognate
Hrothgar, Unferth, Wiglaf, and Wealhtheow
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Bertilak and Morgan le Fay
The Book of John Mandeville
An English knight, a sultan, and the Great Chan
The Wife of Bath's Tale
An unnamed knight, Arthur, and Mrs. Alice Ebi Bafa
Wonders of the East
Burn-inducing chickens, bearded huntresses, and gold-mining ants
In The Tale of the Wife of Bath, _____ is what women most want.
Heorot is the name of the ____ built by the Danish king Hrothgar and terrorized by Grendel in the Old English poem Beowulf.
John Mandeville sees this city as the middle of the world
_____ is an illiterate cowherd whose ability to compose Old English poetry is recorded by Bede.
Jamaican and Nigerian
Jean Breeze and Patience Agbabi resituate the Wife of Bath as a woman in _____ and _____ cultures, respectively.
This major antagonist in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight may be based on a pagan fertility deity referred to by this name
In Bisclavret, the titular werewolf bites off this part of his wife's body
In The Book of John Mandeville, monsters become more prevalent as Mandeville discusses his travels in this direction
The title given to this lai is the name of the son of a fairy who can transform into a hawk
Gawain shows his resemblance to this animal hunted on the third day during his stay at Bertilak's castle by keeping the girdle
This 11th century invasion marks a major transition in the governing structure, laws, and language of Britain
This catastrophic 14th century event, which resulted in the deaths of 1/3-1/2 of the population of Europe, likely contributed to English's return as a literary language
Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People
In this book, the Britons are depicted as wicked and doomed to be conquered by Germanic peoples.
The Mandeville author makes reference to this series of military expeditions undertaken by medieval European Christians to conquer the Holy Land
Based on our course readings, this mound of earth could indicate a Roman burial, an Anglo-Saxon burial, or an entrance to the fairy world
Generosity, fellowship, purity, courtesy, compassion
These are the chivalric virtues represented by the pentangle on Gawain's shield in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
Repetition of speech found in a sequence of nearby words
relating to or denoting the Germanic inhabitants of England from their arrival in the 5th century up to the Norman Conquest.
Utilizes stress and alliteration. Line consists of two half lines with two stressed syllables and a number of unstressed syllables.
The right to rule or command
Avenging wrongful death of person's kin by killing murderer or receiving compensation from murderer's possessions.
Values, ethos, and manners characterized by military christocracy (knights) of western Europe.
Generosity, fellowship, purity, courtesy, compassion
5 virtues of chivalry:
Study of codices or manuscript books written on parchment (or paper) as physical objects
Penance consists of __ of the mouth.
Medieval concept of love. Highly idealized behavior. Drew upon religious language and imagery.
language developed from mixture of different languages and has become main language in particular place.
Series of military expeditions
A verse formed characterized by the use of elegiac couplet. Later became poem of mourning by English
Social system that existed in Europe during Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and use of land in return
A Christian distinguished from a Jew.
Christian symbol originating during Middle Ages used to represent supremacy of Christianity. Cross-bearing orb.
Honorific title given to ruler of Mongol Empire.
Possible analogue for Green Knight. Visual Motif featuring man's face surrounded by foliage
Collective name given to the seven major kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England:
Northumbria (Bernicia and Deira)
Similar to genre of romance. Features noble men and women. Contains supernatural elements.
Medieval map of the world
Great hall of the king
Other throw of government of England by Normandy
Order of the Garter
Founded by Edward III. Part of effort to revitalize chivalry, a social institution that was in decline
Women who married to enemy to establish peace between feuding groups
One out of seven sacraments of the church. Faithful receive mercy for sins they committed against God and fellow human beings and are restored to good standing in the church.
Language that developed from mixture of two or moe languages and is used for communication by people who don't speak each others language.
Writing that has been impelled by imperialism from initial process of colonialism to present day
Legendary Christian ruler and priest situated in far East
the representation or assumption of a future act or development as if presently existing or accomplished
To leave behind. In religion, physical remains of a saint.
the condition in which one or more religions coexist either as complementary to each other or as competing systems
Principal medieval secular literary genre
an individual who is considered exceptionally close to God and is exalted after death
a Muslim warrior during the Crusades. a Crusades-era Muslim used as a target in joust practice.
An Old English poet used to designate oral poets within old English Literature.
supreme power or authority
A member of the lord's court who determines whether statements made within it were true
A type of medieval map that was based on Christian theology, showed the world as three continents (Asia, Africa, and Europe) and resembled a "T" inside an "O"
translation of empire
translation of knowledge
A promise, commitment, honor, integrity, honesty, goodness. Fidelity to one's country, family, friends, God, or faith.
Ubi sunt motif
lamenting the transitory nature of life and beauty; "where are [those who were before us?]"
a fine paid to the relatives of a murdered person to free the offender from further obligations or punishment
Treasure bearer. Foreign slave.
study of how representations of disability and "normal" bodies alter over time
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
wonders of the east
Marie de France: Bisclavret (The Werewolf) (12th C…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Final Exam Reading Historically