Unit 1 Pre-Colonial and Colonial America
Terms in this set (36)
The time period when Europe was brought out of the Middle Ages by a rebirth in learning science and art
Fabled passageway through northern North America to Asia
Age of Exploration
Time period during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and South America by the Europeans.
time period of European interactions in the Middle East that caused an exchange of interests and goods from Asia
Goal in Age of Discovery
to establish all-water trade routes to Asia
Reason for European Exploration
God, Glory, Gold
Renaissance and the Age of Discovery
This era played a role in the Age of Discovery by awakening a spirit of discovery and innovation in Europe
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Great Plains Indians
Tribe that was nomadic OR farmers/traders; hunted buffalo, raised maize, beans & squash. Their lives were greatly improved once horses were brought over after the Columbian Exchange began.
Columbian Exchange, from "Old World" to Americas
smallpox, livestock (pigs, cows, sheep), bees, bananas, coffee, sugar
Columbian Exchange from New World to Old World
New foods were introduced to improve European diets.
Negative Impact of Columbian Exchange on New World
The spread of diseases such as smallpox wiped out much of the native population.
The rise of agriculture contributed to the rise of
Social stratification, permanent settlements, religion and trade, storage of food surplus
Representative Assemblies in the Colonies
House of Burgesses and New England Town Assemblies are examples of these
New England Colonies Economy
Based on shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming, and, eventually, manufacturing.
Middle Colonies Economy
Farmers grew cash crops, there were industries such as lumber and iron mills, and New York and Philadelphia were large trading centers.
Southern Colonies Economy
Depended on plantations(large farms) producing large amounts of cash crops, especially rice and tobacco.
New England - Religious Groups
Puritans and Separatists
Middle Colonies Religious Groups
Diversity in this region:
Quakers (in Pennsylvania)
Huguenots (French protestants)
Jews (in New York)
Presbyterians (in New Jersey)
Southern Colonies Religious groups
Anglican Church, Catholics (Maryland), religion wasn't as important as in the other regions
Political feature of the United States developed during the colonial period
A system of agricultural production based on large-scale land ownership and the exploitation of labor and the environment. This system which was used in the Southern colonies, focused on the production of cash crops and utilized slave labor.
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preaches a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity (light), and social equity. Under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years, They provided relatively cheap and an abundant source of labor for planters and farmers
different climates and landscapes
This was one reason why the colonies had so many different cultural traditions
Cash crop that made a profit and saved Jamestown
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Colony that was established as New Netherlands by Peter Stuyvesant, but the King sent his brother, the duke, to take it over. He saw the value in the harbors, location and diversity of the colony.
This colonist formed an important alliance with Chief Powhatan's daughter, and is ultimately responsible for making the first English colony a success. He's known for growing tobacco from seeds that he stole from Spanish farmers.
A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south
Dutch West India Co.
Trading company chartered by the Dutch government to conduct its merchants' trade in the Americas; they opened up their colony to a variety of people from many locations in Europe
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony. With it the separatists agreed to make and obey laws for the good of the colony
This colony was created by the King as a proprietary colony to pay off a debt that was owed. A diverse population thrived and it became home to Philadelphia--the City of Brotherly Love.
Europeans viewed these as permanent, while Native Americans viewed them as an agreement to share something temporarily
Positive Results of Columbian Exchange
Europeans and natives exchanged new animals and crops
Negatives of Columbian Exchange
Disease and slaves