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durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior

Culture Of Poverty

the assumption that values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people,

Deferred Gratification

giving up things in the present for the sake of greater gains in the future

Downward Social Mobility

movement down the social class ladder

Exchange Mobility

about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change

Feminization Of Poverty

a trend in u.s. poverty whereby most poor families are headed by women


money received, usually from a job, business, or assets

Intergenerational Mobility

the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next

Poverty Line

the official measure of poverty; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget


the ability to control the behavior of others

Power Elite

the top people in US corporations, military, and government who make the nations major decisions


High standing; respect earned by accomplishments

Social Class

group of people who share a similar position in society


a social position that a person holds

Status Consistency

ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class

Status Inconsistency

ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others

Structural Mobility

changes in society that cause large numbers of people to move up or down the class ladder


a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations

Upward Social Mobility

movement up the social class ladder


Property and Income

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