Chapter 10

durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior
Culture Of Poverty
the assumption that values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people,
Deferred Gratification
giving up things in the present for the sake of greater gains in the future
Downward Social Mobility
movement down the social class ladder
Exchange Mobility
about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change
Feminization Of Poverty
a trend in u.s. poverty whereby most poor families are headed by women
money received, usually from a job, business, or assets
Intergenerational Mobility
the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
Poverty Line
the official measure of poverty; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget
the ability to control the behavior of others
Power Elite
the top people in US corporations, military, and government who make the nations major decisions
High standing; respect earned by accomplishments
Social Class
group of people who share a similar position in society
a social position that a person holds
Status Consistency
ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class
Status Inconsistency
ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
Structural Mobility
changes in society that cause large numbers of people to move up or down the class ladder
a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
Upward Social Mobility
movement up the social class ladder
Property and Income