AP Government and Politics: Chapter 8 - Political Participation

Voting Age Population
Citizens who are able to vote after reaching the minimum age requirement.
Registered Voters
People who are registered to vote.
Motor Voter Law
A law that allowed citizens to register to vote and get their license simultaneously. The law also included welfare offices in it's requirements.
Literary Test
A requirement that citizens pass a literacy test in order to register to vote.
Poll Tax
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote.
Grandfather Clause
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
White Primary
The practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states' primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and administration.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
Voting Rights Act of 1970
Gave eighteen year olds the right to vote in federal elections beginning January 1, 1971.
Australian Ballot
A government-printe ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast in secret that many states adopted around 1890 to reduce voting fraud associated with party-printed ballots cast in public.
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.