1st quarter QA review

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Terms in this set (25)
main religion of Africa todayChristianDesalinationA process of removing salt from ocean waterHydroelectricityElectricity generated by flowing waterSuez CanalA human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Seamain economy in Sub-Saharan Africafarming and mineral resourceswho helps with basic healthcare, education and needs of the poor?Wealthy people/corporationsleading exporter of goldSouth Africaname some abundant resources in N. Africaoil, gold, salt, platinumwhat resource is scarce because of the desert?waterNelson MandelaSouth African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)ApartheidLaws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.Pan-Africanismthe unity of all black Africans, regardless of national boundariesArab SpringA series of public protests, strikes, and rebellions in the Arab countries, often facilitated by social media, that have called for fundamental government and economic reforms.Muhammad was a ? visited by ?prophet, Angel GabrielAfter Muhammad's death...- he did not name a successor - who would lead? - who would be able to keep the Muslim community from fracturing? - first to serve was Abu Bakr - a close friend of Muhammad and one of the earliest converts to Islam. - they decided that the head of state (called the "caliph" which means "successor") should be elected by all Muslims in the state, or their representatives - later Muslims who follow this tradition are called SUNNI Muslims. However.... - others supported Ali, Muhammad's cousin - followers of the Shia Islam believe that the caliph should be an imam, or, otherwise, a direct relative of Muhammad's