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Dr. Marshall's Test Notes .

The tremendously rapid growth of American cites in the post civil war decades was...

a trend that affected Europe as well .

The major factor in drawing country people off the farms into the big cities was...

the availabilty of industrial jobs .

One of the early symbols of the dawning era of consumerism in urban eras was...

the rise of large department store .

Prevalent in the move to the cities were...

Slums, dumbbell tenements, flophouses and the Lung Block .

The new immigrants who came to the United States after 1880 were...

culturally different from previous immigrants .

Most new immigrants came to escape..

the poverty and backwardness of Southern Italy .

'Birds of Passage' were..

people who came to America to work for a short period of time and then returned to Europe .

Most new immigrants..

tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America .

In the new urban environment most liberal Protestants...

rejected biblical liberalism and adapted religious ideas to modern culture .

The Darwinism theory of organic evolution through natural selection..

Affected religion by creating split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and accomadationist who supported it .

Settlement House such as Hull House engaged in..

child care, instruction of English, Cultural activities, social reform lobbying .

The big city offered the greatest opportunities for American women..

between 1865 and 1900 .

In the 1890s positions for women as secretaries, department store clerks, and telephone workers were...

reserved for the native born .

Labors unions favored immigration restriction because most of the immigrants were..

used as strikebreakers, willing to work for lower wages, Difficult to unionize, Non-english speaking .

The American Protective Association supported..

immigration restrictions .

Roman Catholics responded...

favorably to new immigrants .

Modern American Universities tended..

to de-emphasize religious and moral instruction in favor of practical subjects and professional specialization .

The pragmatists were..

a school of American philosophers who emphasized the provisional and fallible nature of knowledge and value of ideas that solved problems .

Americans offered growing support for a free public education system because..

they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens .

Booker T. Washington believed..

the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was economic independence .

As a leader of the African American community Booker T. Washington..

promoted black self help but did not challenge segregation .

W.E.B. Dubois...

promoted the idea of the talented tenth .

The 'talented tenth philosophy' was..

that a talented tenth of American Blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality .

WEB demanded

complete equality for African Americans .

The Morrill Act of 1862...

granted public lands to states to support higher education .

The post Civil War era..

witnessed an increase in compulsory school attendence laws .

The the decades after the Civil War..

college education for women came more common .

Colleges formed in the post Civil War era include:

The University of California, Johns Hopkins,University of Chicago and Stanford .

During the industrial revolution,

life expectancy measurably increased .

The public library movement across America was..

greatly aided by the financial support of Andrew Carnegie .

American newspapers expanded by...

printing sensational stories of sex and scandal .

Henry George believed that...

the root of social inequality and social injustice lay in landowners who gained unearned wealth from rising land values .

Henry George also felt that..

the windfall real estate profits caused by rising land prices should be taxed at 100 percent rate by the government .

General Lewis Wallace's book Ben Hur..

defended Christianity versus Darwinism .

Several late nineteenth century writers came to prominence...

Lewis Wallace, Horatio Alger, Henry James, William Howells .

American novelist turn from romanticism and transcendentalist to rugged social realism reflected..

the materialism and conflicts of the new industrial society .

Mark Twain, William Dean Howell, Stephen Crane, and Kate Chopin were...

post civil war writers that reflected the increased attention to social problems of those from less affluent backgrounds .

In the course of the late 19th century..

family size gradually declined .

By 1900,

advocates of women's suffrage argued that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public world .

One of the most important factors leading to an increased divorce rate in the late 19th century was..

the stress of urban life .

Although women wanted the right to vote it...

was a segregated fight .

The National American Woman Suffrage Association...

limited its membership to whites .

The growing prohibition movement especially reflected...

the concerns of middle class women .

The term richardsonian in the late 19th century pertained to...

architecture .

During industrialization Americans increasingly...

shared a common and standard popular culture .

Basketball, bicycling, croquet, and college football were..

all developed in the decades following the civil war .

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