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Terms in this set (111)
a habitual and firm disposition to do good
outside the sphere of moral sense; an attitude that lacks any moral orientation, dispensing from all moral norms; attitudes or orientations not characterized as either good or evil
the existence of a variety of opinions, ideas or beliefs within human society, some of which contradict others
a quality, character, or conduct in violation of moral law
the name given to the teaching authority of the church, entrusted to the pope and the bishops in communion with him
Rational creatures' participation in the eternal law. It is never imposed on us like physical law
the objective standards authored by God and taught by Church authority
view that there is no absolute or universal moral law or truth, morality changes with each new situation
a science that accepts and examines Divine Revelation as it responds to the demands of human reason
standards of conduct that are universal rather than conditioned by culture or personal preference
God's wisdom as manifested in the nature of acts and movements
the total of social conditions that will allow both individuals and groups to reach their human and spiritual fulfillment more easily
the condition or state of affairs surrounding a moral decision; these include the consequences of an action
principle of double effect
an act may be performed, even if accompanied by an unintended bad effect, if the act itself is good
that toward which the will directs itself. This is distinct from the intention that a person has when performing the act
a human law that contradicts or otherwise fails to conform to divine and natural law
a ethical system that deduces the moral value of an act from the proportion between the action's good and evil effects
an ethical system that determines the good or evil nature of an act from the circumstances
a movement of the will toward an end
consists of laws enacted by civil governments for the common good of a particular sector of society or an entire country
an ethical system that determines the goodness or evil of an action from its effect or result
the practical judgment on the morality of a given action
Conscience is derived from this word, it means "with knowledge"
the practice of severe self-discipline, typically for religious reasons.
the clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit or sinfulness of an action
the lack of knowledge
the ability to discern the most suitable and moral course of action
an act that is performed with both knowledge and free will
the quality of being guilty or deserving punishment for participation in sin
any human act that has a moral content and involves deliberation and choice
the demand for an account of one's acts; it includes accepting the consequences of those acts
ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence
that which is opposed to the moral law and thus entails sin
lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence
knowledge that is incomplete due to the presence of come obstacle interfering with a moral judgment
highest form of martial love
unitive and procreative
Two purposes of conjugal love are what?
says the marriage was never valid
abortion, adultery, contraception
sins against marriage are?
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)
fertilizing the egg outside of the body
the destruction of a child after conception but before birth
eugenic, therapeutic, psychosocial
three different types of induced aboriton
type of abortion: malformation of fetus
type of abortion: danger to maternal health
type of abortion: psychosocial, economic, or social reasons
also known as miscarriage
you shall not kill
name 5th commandment
an action or omission of an action, that by itself or by intention, causes a person's death in order to eliminate suffering
the act of taking one's own life; self-murder
cult of the body
it is immoral to disfigure or mutilate one's body; excessive food deprecation, body piercing and tattooing, plastic surgery
the destruction of fertility and fruitfulness; the rendering incapable of producing offspring, especially by surgical or chemical procedures affecting the reproductive organs
the sinful killing of a human being with malice afterthought
the principle that war may be legitimately waged, under certain specific conditions, for the protection of a nation's rights
words or insulting gestures against God, Mary, the saints, or the church
the obstinate denial or obstinate doubt by a baptized person of some truth that must be believed with divine faith
sin of omission
sins by means of failure to commit a good act such as the failure to forgive someone who wronged us
sin of commission
sin by means of committing an evil act such as theft or murder
rejection of the existence of God
I am the Lord you God: you shall not have strange gods before me
name 1st commandment
You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain
name 2nd commandment
Remember to keep holy the Lord's day
name 3rd commandment
Honor your father and your mother
name 4th commandment
You shall not commit adultery
name 6th commandment
You shall not steal
name 7th commandment
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
name 8th commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife
name 9th commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor's goods
name 10th commandment
t/f: Civil law is responsible for ensuring the common good for the recognition of protecting us.
T/F: Spontaneous abortion is a sin
T/F: Man's dignity is within himself to love and avoid evil.
T/F:Homosexuality is hereditary
T/F: The 3 facets of the moral act all have the same importance.
T/F: A person can perform an act with a certain intention in mind with a different result.
T/F:the church does not teach moral relativism
T/F: Christianity believes an act can be intrinsically good or evil
T/F: Proportionalism and consequentialism are the same thing
T/F: Certain number of venial sins can add up to a mortal sin
T/F: If a Christian actively violates an unjust law, he is immune from civil law because he is following his faith
T/F: Conjugal and marital love are the same thing
T/F: Right and wrong have been established by God and cannot be determined by popular views.
T/F: Civil law must have some part of natural law from the 10 commandments.
T/F: The law makes things right and wrong so with no laws, murder is okay
T/F: Conscience is not theoretical judgment
T/F: At the Baptism, we receive the graces to guide our conscience.
T/F: Prayer and meditation are means to forming a right judgment.
T/F: Conscience applies moral truth.
T/F: Conscience does not make moral law; it makes judgments
object, intention, circumstance
What are the 3 facets of a moral act?
What does 'cosmos' mean?
What are the 2 basic characteristics of natural law?
give people freedom while protecting their rights
What is the purpose of law?
taking something against the wishes of another
what is the goal of an activity?
heat rising is a law of what?
an action cannot be judged on their own without analyzing the cirumstance
this way of thinking ignored objective goodness and focuses on the result
the law that governs the church
the factors that occur with an act and contribute to the morality of an act
the action itself which is either good or evil by its very nature
it is absolute and unchanging
to say that the truth is objective it means what?
the desire to sin after you are baptized
the obligation to return things to the state they were before theft
rule or commandment
the absence of good
what is evil?
does mortal sin destroy your relationship with God or separate it?
the ethical norm revealed by God that imposes obligation on the conscience
uses reason instead of God
do not result in procreation
why are homosexual acts wrong?
sorrow for our sins from a perfect love for God
sorrow for our sins not out of perfect love, but because we fear God's punishment
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