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Appreciation of Music
Appreciation of Music CU
Terms in this set (78)
organization of time in music
steady pulse in music
beats are even and divide time into equal measures
Group of beats, defined in music with bar lines
What define a measure look like
2 or 4 on top of time signature
Also known as marching music b/c 2 legs
3, 6, 9, 12 on top of time signature
Also known as a waltz (1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3) when dancing
2 #'s on top of the score
Top #- Beats per measure
Bottom #- What type of note gets 1 beat
Beat 1 of the measure, the first beat.
Extra musical emphasis, looks like:
>, attached to a note.
How fast or slow the music is going
(grave)- very slow
(moderately fast)- fast
(very fast and lively)- very fast
as fast as possible
Score command- getting faster in tempo
Score command- getting slower in tempo
Emphasis on the off beat, displacement of the beat
More modern music uses this.
The tune, organization of sound waves.
What we sing, what we like.
The relative high or low of musical sound, the number of sound waves per second, synonym for note.
The duplicating pitch, a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse.
The 5 lines where notes are
Clef that looks like a cursive G, higher ranges
EX: trumpet, violin, woman's voice
Clef that looks like a mini spiral, lower ranges
EX: Tuba, cello, man's voice
When both clefs are used
#- Raises the pitch
b- Lowers the pitch
Neutralizes the sharp, or flat. Not effected by either.
Specific arrangement of keys, note ladder, ABCD...
The distance between two pitches
Happy, energetic, joyful
Sad, angry, unpleasant feeling
Any sharps, flats, or naturals after the clef that tells the performer what key it's going to be in
EX: 3 sharp, or 2 flat.
the key center, the foundation of a scale or melody, the first 7 notes of the scale.
Central or home pitch
(music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale
(music) the fourth note of the diatonic scale
All twelve tones of an octive (black and white keys on the piano). All tones are a half step apart.
A note with a sharp, flat or natural attached to it.
Specific arangement of keys
Skips from space to space
A group of three or more pitches that sound at once
Sounds that provide support and enrichment accompanying the melody
A number which describes a given pitches relationship to the tonic
Specific arrangement of 3 pitches
A movement of chords in a purposeful fashion, pull each other along, gravitating towards a tonic harmony
Various levels of volume, loud and soft at which sounds are produced
A sudden loud attack one one note or chord
When a singer or instrument bends the pitch
Plucking the string
Smearing of notes together
Fluxuation between two adjacent pitches
II: or :II
Shape and structure of an entire piece of music
Repeated music with changing text
EX: hymns, carols, folk songs, patriotic songs, pop music
Starts with strophe 1, chorus, picks up with a different strophe
Two-part (A-B) form with each section normally repeated. Also two-part form. Beginning of second section, always unstable.
Start on one, end on one.
3 Parts, ABA, first and last are alike, middle is different
EX: Nutcracker suite is ternary
a refrain (A), alternates with contrasting music. Usually atleast 2 contrasting sections (B+C)
EX: ABACA, ABACABA, ABACADA
Density and arrangement of artistic elements.
single melodic line without supporting harmonies
Easiest to hear
EX: singing by yourself or men and women singing the same pitches together in unison
sparsest of all musical textures
A melody that is supported by harmony.
Voices or lines move together to new pitches at roughly the same time.
EX: Carols, hymns, folksongs, pop songs, star spangled banner
Multiple instruments playing together
having many sounds or voices
Requires two or more lines in the musical fabric
Each line is autonomous and independent, entering at different times.
Counterpoint created- harmonious opposition of two or more independent music lines.
(music) a gradual increase in loudness
(music) a gradual decrease in loudness
A unit of the melody that can be sung in one breath
Harmonies that sound agreeable and stable, sense of rest, perfect intervals
Harmonies that sound disscordonant, tense, unstable
Most harmonies that sound dissonant are a 1/2 step away from a perfect interval.