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14 terms

Chapter 16 Vocabulary - Civil and Criminal Law

Chapter 16 Vocab, Civil and Criminal Law, in Civics Today NC textbook
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Plaintiff
a person or party filing a lawsuit
Defendant
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
Injunction
a court order commanding a person or group to stop a certain action
Complaint
a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
Summons
a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge
Crime
an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general
Arraignment
a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
Testimony
the statement a witness makes under oath
Cross-examine
to question a witness at a trial or a hearing to check or discredit the testimony
Acquittal
a vote of not guilty
Hung jury
a jury that cannot agree on a verdict
Juvenile
a person not yet legally an adult
Juvenile delinquent
a child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law
Rehabilitate
to correct a person's behavior