Mrs. Sham Theology Exam Semester 2
Terms in this set (72)
Contact with the mystery of God. Faith begins as a freely given gift from God.
The movement and activites which seek to promote religious unity within the Christian Church and among all the people of the world
A statement of the Church's beliefs issued at the first ecumenical council at Nicaea in 325 and later confirmed at the Council of Constantinople in 381. It taught that Jesus is of the same substance as God and thus divine
4 Marks of the Church
1. Unity in the trinity of one God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit
2. Founder, is Jesus Christ
3. Holy Spirit, who brings about the communion of the faithful and joins them in Christ
1. it is the Body of Christ
2. set apart by God
3. has its roots in God
1. it is whole
2. that the totality of the body of Christ is present in the church.
1. has been sent into the world by Christ
2. built upon the foundation of the Apostles
3. follows guidance of the Holy Spirit
4. Accepts the continued guidance of the Apostles through their successors
The practice of honoring or revering a creature instead of God, whether this be gods, or demons, power, pleasure, race, ancestors, the state, money etc
Poverty, Chasity and Obedience. Aim to help a person remove everything from their life which might hinder the ability to love as christ loved. Vows taken by sisters, brothers and religious priests. Recommended for all of the faithful
The practice of blending all religions and faith traditions into one
The uninterrupted transmission of spiritual authority from the Apostles through successive popes and bishops, taught by the Roman Catholic Church but denied by most Protestant
One of the earliest christian heresies. Stressed the importance of secret knowledge passes on to a select law, Denied the goodness of creation and the material world
The bishops, acting in unison with the pope, by virtue of their ordination, constitute the magisterium. The teaching authority of the Church
Kingdom of God
The reign or rule of God. The Kingdom of God has begun with the coming of Jesus. It will exist in its perfect form at the end time
Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults. The process through which non-Catholic adults learn about and join in full communion with the Catholic Church by receiving the sacraments of Baptism, Eucharist and Confirmation
The story of God's action in human history. Refers to the events through which God makes Humanity aware of himself and brings humanity into his kingdom. Begins with creation. Will end with the second coming
True, complete and permanent unity with God and with one another. End goal of all creation. Refers to the fulfillment of the human desire for ultimate truth and goodness. Made possible by Christ's Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Elements in the Church's structure, which Jesus established. Includes the presence of the hierarchy
"Overseer". A successor to the apostles and the head of a particular church
The bishop of Rome. The successor of Peter, holds the highest office of teaching and governance in the Catholic Church
The moral teaching which are essential corollaries of the Church's understanding of God revealed in Jesus
The structural order of leaders within the Church. Commonly used to refer to all of the ordained ministers in the Church: the pope, bishops, priests and deacons
Those absolute truths which were revealed by Christ and are so essential to Christian faith that there essence can never be changed
The final purification of all who die in God's grace and friendship but remain imperfectly purified. The final cleansing away of all sin and of all the consequences of God
An effort to reform the Catholic Church in the 16th century which led to the separation of large numbers of Christians from communion with Rome and with each other
Council of Trent
The 16th century ecumenical council held in response to the challenges of the Protestant reformation. The council clearly outlined Catholic doctrine on such matter as authority, sin and justifications, and the role of Mary and the other saints
The total denial of Christ and a disavowal of the Christian faith
Baptism of Desire
Seeking the truth and doing the will of God to the best of one's understanding even though the person may not understand the gospel or the necessity of the Church. The church teaches that God allows those people who would have explicitly desired baptism if they understood its necessity to share in the benefits of the baptized
• consecrate the bread and wine during Eucharist
• preside at the other sacraments
• life within the Church
• serves by guiding, supporting, strengthening, and by acting as a living sign of what it should be
• all people
• consecrates the world to God in his or her daily life
• directed towards life within the secular world
Someone through whom the will of God is made known. They speak and live the truth in such a way that others are able to hear and recognize God and God's will for the world
A representative body of bishops assembled periodically by the pope to advise on important Church concerns. It is not a legislative body
The attitude which holds that all religions and all ways of expressing one's faith are equal or essentially the same
A sign and instrument of God's presence in the world
The 7 Sacraments:
• Anointing of the sick
• Holy Orders
The free and undeserved help that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God and partakers of the divine nature and eternal life
The public worship of the Church, which includes the celebration of the Eucharist and other sacraments and the liturgy of the hours. "Liturgy" literally means "public work". In Christian tradition, liturgy means the participation of the People of God in the work of God
Christ's Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension. Christians participate in the Paschal Mystery through Baptism, Eucharist and the other sacraments
The request for the Spirit to descend
Sacraments of Initiation
Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. Through participation in these sacraments, you are fully initiated into the Catholic Church
Also called the "teachings of the 12 Apostles". Is a moral, disciplinary and liturgical text written in the later first or early second century. Includes teachings on Baptism, Eucharist, fasting and prayer
The period of preparation for Baptism
One who is ordained "not unto the priesthood, but into ministry". Deacons are ordained to serve by assisting bishops and priests in sacramental celebrations and by dedicating themselves to the various ministries of charity
The change of the essential nature of the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ during the consecration
One who has been transformed by the grace of God. Refers to all Christians. Normally used to refer to those whom the Church has canonized, honored with the title saint, and declared worthy of veneration
Communion of Saints:
• Church is a body of holy persons, both on earth and in heaven, who share spiritual possessions
• Communion with those saints unites us more completely to Christ
• Our prayers help those who have died, and their prayers help us
The study of the last things
-The last things
• The second coming of Christ
• The resurrection of the dead
• The kingdom of God
• Judgment, Heaven, Hell and Purgatory
Jesus' return in glory at the end of time. At the Second Coming, the kingdom of God will be fully realized
Doctor of the Church
A title officially conferred upon a saint by the pope or by a general council declaring that person to have been particularly holy, wise and learned and therefore a source of sound theological teaching for the Church
Father of the Church
A title for writers of the early Church who had a major impact on the development of Christian theology and doctrine. The fathers of the Church were characterized by holiness of life, orthodoxy of doctrine, approval of the Church, and antiquities. The period of the church fathers is generally held to have ended in the 7th century
Christ's saving work which freed humanity from the power of sin and death and restored them to unity with God
Assumption of Mary
The dogma which states that the body of Mary was taken directly to heaven after her death. Mary already shares in the resurrection of the body which is promised to all the faithful
The dogma which states that Mary was free from the stain of Original sin from the moment of her conception
Mother of God
Honor given to a person or image because that person or image mediates God(that is, makes God's presence visible and tangible.) This is not the same as worship or adoration. Worship and adoration belong only to God
Our Lady of Guadalupe:
• Virgin Mary appeared to a native peasant, Juan Diego in Guadalupe, Mexico
• Showed how Mary saw the needs of the poor and those who were discriminated against and responded with love and compassion
An official list of Christian saints and martyrs. The earliest martyrologies date to before the 4th century
The process by which the Church declares that a particular member of the faithful has practiced heroic virtue in his or her life, has been faithful to God's grace, and is now fully united with God in heaven
Usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial
After successful scrutiny, the process proceeds to beautification, which allows the faithful to call the person "blessed"
Capable of having the desired result or effect
What is the relationship of the Eucharist to the other sacraments?
The Eucharist is the focal point of the Church and all the other sacraments center around it.
How is the church a sacrament?
It is a sign and instrument of Christ's continuing presence in the world.
How did Mary's faithfulness to God involve a self-emptying?
• Mary made Jesus' sacrifice her sacrifice.
• As she watched her only son suffer on the cross, she let go of herself and completely felt the pain and emptiness that Christ experienced. (For a mother watching your child suffer is one of the worst forms of torture.)
• She did this all without losing hope, love and faith.
• She did not begrudge the sacrifice that he made, and that she participated it.
What do Catholics believe about the power of liturgy?
Catholics believe that God acts through our liturgy so that when we do something ritually, we receive the grace to do that same thing in our everyday lives.
How is the church one?
• Unity in the trinity of one God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
• Its founder, Jesus Christ.
• The Holy Spirit who brings about the communication of the faithful and joins them in Christ.
Why is the Church called the "bride of Christ?"
• Christ has surrendered himself to the Church, allowing the Church to express his will to the world.
• The Church in turn must surrender herself to Christ.
• The Church must make Christ's will her own.
• The church honors its covenant with Christ.
• The church and Christ have become one.
Which 3 aspects of Catholic faith and practice give form to the Church's holiness?
The sacraments; the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and the witness of those who live by them; and the moral teachings of the Church.
Why does the Church ask for the intercession of the saints?
• We ask for prayers from the saints as we do from the living.
• We believe that the prayers of the faithful do make a difference.
• The faithful (the saints) are most frequently used by God as channels of divine grace.
• Through the saints, God manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation.
• All prayers are answered by God but some may be answered by the saints in heaven.
• Through the power of prayer they continue to touch other members of the church and thus encourage the work of God.
What are 3 elements within the Church that do not change?
The Church's permanent body of dogma, a permanent ethic, and a permanent constitution.
What is the meaning for "church?" What does that word mean?
The meaning for "church" is ekklesia and it means "to call out of."
How do the sacraments help us to be the body of Christ for the world?
The sacraments ensure that the Church as the Body of Christ does the work that Christ would do in the world. The sacraments make us a community which frees the captives, strengthens the lame, feeds the hungry, heals the sick, brings forgiveness to sinners, serves the poor, and unites those who were separated.
Name 2 characteristics of the Church's communal identity
1) We are shaped by others and we shape others.
2) Our relationship with God is dependent on how our community-the church-relates to God.
Why is Mary the Mother of the Church?
• She cooperates with Christ in caring for and guiding the Church.
• She carries on in heaven her maternal role with regard to the members of Christ, cooperating in the birth and development of divine life in the souls of the redeemed.
• Her role as the Mother of the Church comes directly from her role as Mother of Jesus.
• Mary's motherhood is a gift which Christ makes personally to the Church as a whole and to every individual.
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