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Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN)
an inherited cancer syndrome that affects different glands in different family members while the genetic cause remains the same
the secreted substances from the exocrine glands that diffuse from the interstitial fluid into the bloodstream
other glands that secrete substances into the internal environment that are not hormones but function in similar fashion as messenger molecules
secretions that enter the interstitial fluid but affect only neighboring cells; a local hormone
another category of substances that are secreted into tubes or ducts that lead to the body surface
Examples of Exocrine Glands
stomach acid reaching the lumen of the digestive tract and sweat released at the skin's surface
Examples of Steroid Hormones
testosterone, estrogen, secretions of the adrenal cortex (outer), aldosterone, cortisol
hormones, including norepinephrine and epinephrine, that are derived form the amino acid tyosine and are also synthesized in the adrenal medulla (inner)
Protein Hormones Include
the hormones secreted by the parathyroid land and some of those secreted by the anterior pituitary gland
hormones, secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, which consist of proteins joined to carbohydrates
hormones that are short chains of amino acids and are associated with the posterior pituitary gland and hypothalamus
paracrine substances that are lipids and are synthesized from a type of fatty acids in the cell membranes
cells of the liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, thymus gland, pancreas, brain, and reproductive organs
an increase in the number of receptors on a target cell, often in response to a prolonged decrease in the level of a hormone
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