High Medieval Europe & Islam Assessment Review
Terms in this set (69)
To exclude a person from a church or a religious community.
Journey undertaken to worship at a religious place.
A court order.
A document that promised barons certain rights.
An assembly of representatives who make laws.
A body of law that has developed from custom and from judges' decisions rather than from laws passed by a lawmaking assembly.
A system of law courts outside the control of other branches of government.
A court order to bring an arrested person before a judge or court.
Place in the desert where water can be found
Person who moves from place to place without a permanent home.
Person believed to be chosen by God to bring truth to the people.
Message, usually one believed to come from God.
Muhammad's migration with his followers from Mecca to Medina.
Holy book of Islam.
Traditions believed by many Muslims to come from their prophet Muhammad.
Pilgrimage made by Muslims to their holy city of Mecca.
Islamic house of worship.
In a clear manner, without doubt or question.
The same everywhere.
To grow, get bigger.
Giving control over yourself to someone else.
Title meaning "successor" in Arabic, used by leaders of the Muslim community who followed Muhammad.
Member of an Islamic religious group that supported Abu Bakr as the first caliph and now forms a majority of the world's Muslims.
Member of an Islamic religious group that supported Ali as the first caliph and now forms a minority of the world's Muslims.
A series of rulers from the same family.
An Islamic lifestyle that emphasizes controlling one's desires, giving up worldly attachments, and seeking nearness to God.
Title for a ruler of a Muslim country.
A series of military campaigns to establish Christian control over the Holy Land.
A belief that is rejected by official Church doctrine.
A series of investigations designed to find and judge heretics.
The peninsula where present-day Spain and Portugal are located.
The Muslims in Spain.
The movement to drive the Muslims from Spain.
The system of writing numbers we use today.
Art of beautiful writing.
To set up.
Area with at least one unifying physical or human feature such as climate, landforms, population, or history.
Having to do with the law.
To have a strong feeling about doing something.
Stress, mark as important.
Concordat of Worms
A compromise between the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope that stated that the church alone could grant the title of bishop but this power could be vetoed by the king
A peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf that this largely covered by desert.
The first crusade saw the Christian armies win victory after victory against the defending Muslim armies until they accomplished their goal: capturing Jerusalem. The success of the crusade led to an upswing in religious fervor and a desire for future crusades and it also set the stage for future conflicts between the Christian and Muslim worlds. Finally the first crusade introduced many Europeans to the goods of southeast and east Asia, leading to an increase in trade.
The fourth crusade was western Christian (Catholic) forces sack Constantinople instead of going to the Holy Land (thus, embarrassing the Pope). While the Byzantine Empire would eventually reassert control over the city, its lost prestige and wealth made it inevitable that the city would fall to the Ottoman Turks.
Excommunication of Henry IV
Gregory freed nobles from their oath of loyalty by excommunicating him.
Impact of the Crusades on Jews and Muslims in Europe
Attacks on Jews and Muslims increased.
Attracted foreign students who wanted to study philosophy, math, and medicine.
Expanded the Muslim empire to its greatest extent.
Began in 1066. Led by William the Conquerer. His military victory at the Battle of Hastings led to Norman control of England.
Spread of Islam
Islam spread inside and outside the new Arab Muslim empire. Inside by the rulers and outside by merchants and traders.
Five Pillars of Islam
Declaration of faith, prayer, alms (charity), fasting, and hajj (pilgrimage)
Location of the Ottoman Empire
It was located at a meeting point between Asia and Europe.
Which of the following is a central teaching of Islam?
Abraham, Jesus, and Muhammad were all prophets of the same God.
The strong central government in Muslim countries led to...
The growth of cities and the expansion of trade.
What were direct results of the Norman conquest of England?
A strong feudal system emerged in England and all those in a position of power were of Norman birth.
Córdoba in the tenth century
It had a great library and many mosques and it was Europe's largest city.
How did the Magna Carta change the relationship between the people and their king?
It made it clear that even a king must obey the law and that there were some individuals (other than the king) that had certain rights and freedoms when it came to property and the law.
Similarities between Islam and Judaism/Christianity
All three religions are monotheistic. Their followers believe in one God.
Differences between Islam and Judaism/Christianity
Unlike Muslims, Jews and Christians do not believe Muhammad was a prophet. Unlike Christians, Muslims do not believe Jesus was the son of God.
Cause of the Hundred Years' War
After years of the English monarch being one of the most powerful noble lords in France, the English and French royal families intermarried. As a result, when the French king died without an heir, the closest living relative was the King of England which caused him to claim the throne of France for himself.
French Rejection of the English claim to the throne
The reason, however, that the French refused to recognize England's claim has to do with the fact that women could not inherit property in France at the time. The English king's relationship to the French king was through his mother, therefore, he was ineligible to inherit the throne. Regardless, this set off a hundred year conflict between the two countries.
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