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sasian vedas terms
Terms in this set (51)
mother of gods, wife of kashyapa, mother of Adityas, feminized form of brahma
god of fire, sacrificial vessel, priestly god, messenger between humans and deities, has 3 forms (fire, lightning, sun)
twin horsemen Vedic gods, closely associated with goddess of dawn, doctors of the gods (Ayurvedic), revived chyavana
non-being, dishonest and negation of all existence, opposite of sat
creatures of sat/non-being, demons, half-brothers of gods, good asuras are called Adityas, sons of diti, Aditya's led by Varuna, danavas= bad asuras led by vritra
4th veda, earthly type spell to make people do sinister things, black magic
means the self, capital A means a universal self instead of individual self which is actually illusory, sam thing as brahma
oldest of 4 vedas. from traditional view all vedas are eternal and no one is older than another. lots of hymns praising god. rg=stanzas, vedas of stanzas
Vedic term that means order of the universe, all gods supervise this but Varuna had all seeing power for this originally. rules of righteousness. later replaced by dharma. physical order of the universe.
supreme being identified by self of universe. similar to atman. universal spirit. principle devoid of anything but purity, bliss and consciousness. pure being that can't be described with words. transcends it.
personified deity of brahman, part of big 3 gods, represented as elderly brahmin 4 faced deity, identified with prajapati. each face is one of the vedas.
derived from Vedic term to mean great. refers to vedas themselves. standard household priest of gods. has rivalry with household priest of asuras (piruvita). advisor to gods. assists Indra through prayers and weapons.
has 2 meanings. first being the highest priestly class of people (Brahmin), also the text about sacrifice in Vedic religion
asvins used their medical skills and restored him to youth and power and made him husband of women. rishi aka sage. he was originally aged and wretched.
standard term for gods (sons of aditi). also known as sura (opposite of asuras). have control of liquor gods of booze?
ancient European sky god. world was created by union of sky god and earth (prithvi). heaven and earth. this is the kind of myth figure that gets spread across into-european world in antiquity. masculine. eventually loses power through time (not in as many hymns). more about Indra.
archaeological site in punjab, pakistan. site of Indus Valley civilization. big urban site. one of the first sites excavated in 20th century.
means golden embryo. the models of creation we see in vedas. arises from primordial waters. universe itself is sometimes referred to brahma's egg.
ancient linguistic family that is Indian in origin but connected to into-european tradition (north India and neighbors).
broad catch-all phrase. huge linguistic community. medic language belongs to this group. largest population group. spread across eurasian land.
king of gods. smasher of prithva. sky god. chief object of soma sacrifice. great warrior god. most hymns in rg veda are for him. loses power over time because he weak and foolish
second social class/ varna. protector/ warrior class. produced from arms of former purusha.
particular verse of vedas. formula that is recited. Hare Krishna for example or gayatri mantra. single unit of verse of Vedic hymn. powerful utterance of Vedic verse.
group of gods/gangs. marut is the group of wind/storm gods. associated with Indra. agents of brahma.
background deities, not really forefront. also means friends. they witness arrangements, contract, deals etc. associated with Varuna.
one of 4 Varnas or social orders. while the higher classes are eligible for Vedic rights passage learning sutras aren't eligible. also considered twice born. working-class. feet of purusha. excluded from Vedic rituals
feminized earth figure, produce all offspring on earth after insemination by dyaus through rains. collateral damage in wars between devas and asuras. one of wives of vishnu.
forms of primordial creator divinity. most truthful person in universe. patriarchal creator god seen in brahmana lit as being first and only person in universe but becomes lonely. world evolved from single being. takes diff forms
one of Vedic priests at sacrifice (the first). every king or god has one (priests of court). god's household priest--> brhaspati
the creation myth that explains the origin of the caste system, from the Vedas, where different caste where different parts of the body. Brahmin=head, kshatriya=arms, vaishya=hands (merchants), sudra=legs(manual labor), untouchables=feet. sukta= hymn and purusa= male person
threatening gods that you have to please. derived from word for howl/ weep. one of the major epithets of shiva
the truth, opposite of asat, describes pure and timeless essence
sun god. festivals of the sun. sits on chariot with horse with seven heads or seven horses.
a plant, juice and a deity. it's an invigorating juice for immortality of gods. offered in soma sacrifice. primarily for Indra. consumed in ritual
musical veda. veda of the chants. musical chants.
form of sun (rising sun). stirs up wood creatures. gayfatri mantra invokes him. the one who pushes/impels you.
mysterious patriarchal figure. blacksmith type. possible father of Indra and possibly killed by Indra. fashioned the basra (weapon smith and gave to Indra)
goddess of dawn. associated with asvins. daughter of dyaus. affiliated with cow.
last and latest segment of vedic literature. focus on philisophical nature of inner knowledge. finding truth of yourself within yourself. teaches about self, soul and atman
3rd of the Varnas (parishad). from thighs of lpurushas. represents economic class of vedic-aryan society (farmers, trade..) twice born
cosmic lightning bolt, weapon of Indra. used to slay demon serpent (vrtra). means diamond in Sanskrit.
in early Vedic literature he was supreme deity that supervises and keeps order in universe. diseases are associated with his punishment. god of rta. but over time Indra, Agni etc. eclipsed over them
wind god, associated with Indra and also enjoys soma, rides a chariot
demon figure in rig veda (serpentine). fought Indra and defeated with vajra.
primordial builder divinity. like carpenter nailed pieces of universe together (one Vedic model of creation). architecture god
means all forms. universal form of god. vaguely demonic and vaguely brahminic. he was secretly promising offerings of sacrifice to asuras. Indra cuts of 3 heads and each of 3 heads become something. Indra feels cursed for killing brahmin
companion/helper of Indra. in rg veda he's subordinated by Indra. visnu helps Indra in demon fighting. he becomes more closely associated with sacrifice in brahmana literature. enhanced his power and status.
Sanskrit word for speech. sacred for goddess of speech. important when it comes to mantras
name for sacrifice. through which the gods created the universe. developed in brahmana picture.
one of 4 vedas branches. contains a lot of stories and narratives. divided into 2 textual divisions (black and white). veda of ritual formalae (sacrifice rituals)
lord of the dead. son of aditi and kashyapa. thought to be immortal. keeper of dead.
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