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Theology Chapter 6 Part 2 RAW
Terms in this set (46)
The Son of God Humbled Himself
God's love for us is so great that he took on the frailty of humanity in order to save us from our sin.
Jesus experienced all physical and emotional things we do.
hunger and thirst
endured insults and injury
deserted by His friends
tired and afraid (like at the Garden), and sad (wept), and angry
tempted and yet never sinned
The Humanity of Jesus
The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.- Incarnation
Four Reasons why God became Man in Jesus Christ
1) to save us by reconciling us with God from OS
2) to reveal to us the depths of God's love
didn't fully comprehend the depth of God's love- Jews
3) to serve as a model of holiness
4) to enable us to partake in God's divine nature (CCC 456)
Born into a Human Family
- Genealogy: records of the human ancestors of Jesus
- Testimony from 2 Gospels have genealogies
- Each one makes statements about what is important in his human origins.
- Writing to different audiences, Matthew and Luke each emphasize different things.
audience: Jewish Christian
going to stress Jesus' Jewish heritage
Jesus is the son (descendant) of Abraham, and David.
Since Abraham is the father of the Hebrews, and David was Israel's greatest king, this gives us important info about Jesus' status and Messiah and King.
The Evangelist lists five women in the ancestry of Jesus.
Perhaps Matthew included Tamar, Rahab, Bathsheba, Ruth, and Mary to that God is a God of surprises.
He chooses whomever he wants to be His instruments.
writing to Gentile Christians
His genealogy of Jesus is quite different.
Audience less familiar with Jewish prophecy
no Hebrew kings
goes back to Adam- the first human being
The pt is that Jesus is TRULY human; son of Adam, the ancestor of all human beings, but also, the Son of God.
Different Names in the Ancestors Included Matthew and Luke.
1) not intended to be comprehensive
2) condensed summaries of the lineage of Jesus
done in aid in memorization for early Christians who would pass on the stories orally?q
Son of a Carpenter
learned trade from foster father, Joseph
Jesus used many metaphors from the carpentry trade in his teaching.
- Images of building towers, wine presses, storage barns, and homes with a good foundation
- Shows an understanding of the trade
- Shows and appreciation for hard work
Luke Shows Mary and Joseph Raised Jesus as a Jew
- Born in Bethlehem and raised in Nazareth (Jewish towns)
- According to Jewish Law, Jesus was circumcised, presented in the Temple,
- Primary language: Aramaic
- Knew Hebrew, studied the Torah- the body of Jewish literature, teaching, and law.
Much Emphasis on Memorization in Jesus' Education
- Accidentally left in the Temple as a boy, found later, amazed the priests and scribes with His knowledge of God's Word.
- Had and intimate knowledge of Scriptures: Gospels full of Jesus quoting from the OT and interpreting the Scriptures
By Nature, One of Us
- Every human being possesses two qualities that define our human nature:
○ Human body
○ Immortal soul
- Jesus had both.
The Gospels, especially the Passion Narratives, show that Jesus had a human body.
Jesus encountered physical hunger and thirst, fatigue, pain, and every other experience that comes with possessing a human body- even death.
The human sould or spirit, has two faculties: intellect and free will
- Like all human beings, Jesus' intellect enabled him to reason, learn and reflect upon his emotions.
- Like us, his will allowed Him to choose btwn good and evil.
- Had emotions and made choices
- His humanity like ours in all things but SIN
- Intellect and will- soul made up of thing
- Intellect= knowledge
- Free will= able to choose to do good or evil
In the exercise of our intellect and will, all human beings experience temptation.
- Jesus, too, was tempted.
- Temptation is not a sin.
- When I act on temptation, then it's a sin.
- It is a test on how we use our freedom.- temptation
- Jesus passed every test.=)
- During forty days in the wilderness, Jesus was tempted repeatedly by Satan, but never gave in.
Certainly, one of the greatest temptations Jesus faced was to turn away from His mission during the terrible time of His Passion and Crucifixion.
Jesus also had a human intellect. He grew in wisdom- His human knowledge was not limited.
- These are things that, even as the Son of God, Jesus did not know.
- To be truly human, his intellect had to be like that of all other human beings.
- As Jesus responded perfectly to His Father's Will, his human knowledge grew to understand the eternal plan of Salvation.
- His self-awareness grew. Wasn't comprehensive until He rose
Jesus loved others- was loved in return.
- Had pure affection shared btwn Himself and Mary and Joseph, Jesus knew unselfish love.
- Had close personal friends like Martha, Mary, Lazarus, and his apostles
- Showed deep affection for ppl He didn't rly know.
As a human being, Jesus experienced emotions.
- Sorrow: Jesus wept.
- Joy: His opponents criticized Him for taking too much enjoyment at festive occasions.
- Anger: Jesus rebuked Peter for suggesting that He not suffer. He was angered by His opponents for their stubbornness. His anger moved Him to clear the money changers out of the Temple for their lack of respect.
- Compassion: Ppl who were hurting from illness, poverty, or sin; His emotion moved Him to help them.
- Troubled, distressed, and sorrowful
- When His friends betrayed and deserted Him.
- When He contemplated the suffering ahead
- When He was at the pt of death
- Jesus experienced the most painful of human emotions.
Jesus had a dynamic personality.
- Had a definite effect on the ppl he encountered.
- Crowds flocked to hear Him.
- Sinners, children, and reg ppl all were drawn to Jesus.
- Others had a negative view of Jesus
- Religious authorities saw him as a threat.
○ Pharisses followed the law strictly.
- He taught with His own authority, and not by quoting other teachers.
As a human being, Jesus was a member of a family. But did Jesus have siblings?
- The Gospels mention "brothers and sisters" of Jesus.
- The Church does understand these to be children of Mary.
- Could refer to cousins or other close relatives
- The Church teaches that Mary remained a virgin, and had not children other than Mary.
Jesus spoke about His Divinity.
- In addition to the evidence of how Jesus fulfilled OT prophecy, Jesus himself gave testimony about who he was.
OT Prophets describe many details about the coming Messiah.
- Jesus fulfills their prophecy with accuracy. On every account, the divine credentials of Jesus are established.
The Life of Jesus follows the pattern predicted by the prophets.
- Jesus came from the family heritage they specified.
- Magi prophesized.
- His Passion and Death fulfill what the prophets predicted.
Jesus, too, made prophecies.
- Predicted the betrayal by one disciple and denied by another.
- Predicted his own suffering and death
The Son of Man
Jesus called Himself the Son of Man: a reference to human being, a distinct from God.
Jesus attaches this title to proclamations about his unique relationship with God, and His return in glory at the end of the world.
Son of Man- Suffering Servant
Book of Daniel: Son of Man is a supernatural figure who will come to judge all of humanity.
Jesus was emphasizing He was human like us, but also divine, sent by God.
Suffering Servant: proclaimed Himself as the one to suffer and die so that all ppl mite have abundant life.
Proclaimed Himself as a Messiah in Nazareth
in the synagogue
said God's ppl would reject the Messiah
took the message to the Gentiles
how they responded: The ppl who knew them didn't believe them.
The ppl in Nazareth could not accept that an ordinary carpenter could fulfill God's promises. They were expecting a flashy, military leader, and Jesus did not fit their expectations. They even tried to throw Jesus from a cliff because of their outrage at his claim.
Peter's Profession of Faith
When Jesus asked the apostles, Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."
Jesus Demonstrated Divinity with Miracles.
- Miracles: deeds that cannot be explained by ordinary human intervention- verify that he is the Son of God.
- As the CCC points out, miracles or "signs" strengthen faith and bear witness that he is the Son of God.
Jesus' Miracles- 4 Kinds!!
- Physical healings: demonstrate Jesus' power over sin, and reveal who Jesus is
- Exorcisms: power over Satan
- Nature: power over nature (walking over water- e.g.)
- Raising of the Dead: mastery over life and death
Patterns of Jesus' Miracles
1) Intro presents setting and situation (place is so full, cant get in)
2) Jesus is witness to the display of faith by the ppl. (so convinced that Jesus can heal lame man who is carried to place)
3) Jesus responds to the prob
4) The result of the miracle follows
5) Reaction to the miracle- astonished than Jesus walks out
- Jesus could have cured the sick with a whispered word or even a glance, but he used his physical touch to heal.- why? To make it more intimate and easier to understand
- The charge of blasphemy at his trial- led to Jesus' crucifixion and death.
○ Saying ur equal to God or taking God's name in vain- blasphemy
- The leaders couldn't believe that an ordinary man could do all that Jesus claimed.
- Jesus was no ordinary man.
- The greatest miracle= Jesus' own Resurrection from the dead
- No one before or since has raised anyone from the dead
- Christianity rests on the truth of Christ's Resurrection.
Ancient Testimony about Jesus
- Since the Gospels clearly make statement s of faith about Jesus, they are often rejected as objective sources of info
- Are there any sources outside the Bible for Jesus' existence??
In fact, there are impartial ancient sources that establish the historical reality of Jesus.
- These ppl record info that helps us conclude that Jesus was indeed a real person.
c. 55-117 AD
○ Roman historian
○ We know what was written in Luke was correct.
○ Nero burned his own city, Rome and blamed it on the Christians. Their originator, Christ, had been executed in Tiberius' reign by the governor of Judaea, Pontius Pilate. They called it "superficious and shameful" because they believe it was cannabalism (Last Supper).
○ Roman biographer
○ Convinced ppl that Jesus is Messiah
○ Wrote about incident (41-54) under Claudius
○ He expelled the Jews from Rome on acct of the riots in which they were consistently indulging, at the instigation of Christ.
Pliny the Younger
○ 62-113 AD
○ Letter written in Rome
○ Letters to Emperor Trajan
○ Asked for advice on how to deal with the "superstition" practices by Christians
○ Trajan saw Christians as potentially dangerous
○ They were spreading rapidly. They would not worship the Roman gods.
○ 37-101 AD
○ Jewish historian
○ Wrote history of Jews
○ Mentioned John the Baptist
○ Did not question the historical existence of Jesus
○ He refers to the entire Christian story of Jesus (about who He was- about his life).
○ We have confirmation of Resurrection.
○ Not a believer
○ Before Gospels were written
○ Greek historian
○ Wrote about earthquake and darkness at Jesus' Death
○ Tried to refute
Mara bar Serapion
○ Was a Syrian
○ Wrote a letter to his son that about Jesus as "Wise King"
○ Also writes about Jesus' death and Roman crackdown
mocked Christian faith
made false charges against Jesus
3C (Century in 200s)
mentioned a certain "Yeshu" who performed magic
What we can Conclude from Sources
- Ancient sources verify that the beliefs and traditions of the Christian community are consistent with historical reality.
- Writers were NOT Christian themselves= they lead credibility to Jesus.
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