Terms in this set (42)
perspective in which we see members of our in-group as better than other people, and people not in our group as all the same
minimal group paradigm
an experimental paradigm in which researchers create groups based on arbitrary and seemingly meaningless criteria and then examine how the members of these "minimal groups" are inclined to behave toward one another
Showing a negative attitude and behaviour toward members of groups that you do not belong to.
The process of categorizing people into in-groups and out-groups.
the process of comparing the in-groups to out-groups ("us" versus "them")
the part of the self-concept including one's view of self as a member of a particular social category or group
the belief that people are agents of; their own behaviour; includes intentionality, forethought, self-reactiveness and self-reflectiveness
learning by observing others; also called social learning
the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment
An individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task.
perception of a relationship where none exists, or perception of a stronger relationship than actually exists
an expectation that causes you to act in ways that make that expectation come true.
A generalized belief about a group of people
the apprehension experienced by members of a group that their behavior might confirm a cultural stereotype
Emotional distress and pressure that may undermine performance
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
behavior patterns that are typical of specific groups
a perspective in ethnography that uses the concepts and categories that are relevant and meaningful to the culture under analysis (within culture)
an approach that is cross-cultural, searching for generalities across cultures (across cultures)
the process by which one generation passes culture to the next
The social process by which culture is learned and transmitted across generations
the adoption of the behavior patterns and cultural norms of the surrounding culture
increasing interconnectedness of different parts of the world through common processes of economic, environmental, political, and cultural change
a person who is given a role to play in a study so that the social context can be manipulated
a method used to analyse qualitative data in which the research looks for "themes" or trends that emerge from the data.
Participants' behaviour is watched and recorded without their knowledge or consent.
research design that examines people of different ages at a single point in time
a study that observes the same participants on many occasions over a long period of time
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
The comparison of data which comes from different methods (e.g. both qualitative and quantitative methods).
a naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed
A study that attempts to find a correlation between two variables by collecting data early in the life of participants and then continuing to test them over a period of time to measure change and development.
research approach that attempts to retrace earlier events in the life of a subject
The gap between immigrant children and their parents with regard to language ability and cultural values. Parents tend to rely more heavily on their former cultural views, while immigrant children adapt more easily to the values of the new country.
stress resulting from the need to change and adapt a person's ways to the majority culture
When there is an interest in adopting the behaviours and values of a new culture, while still maintaining one's original culture.
the culture that we grow up in and share with others in the same environment.
when it is not really possible to maintain one's original culture, but because of exclusion or discrimination, it is not possible to assimilate into a new culture.
normative social influence
behavior that is motivated by the desire to gain social acceptance and approval
when one is highly aware of one of their membership to a social group.
a drive within individuals to gain accurate self-evaluations by comparing oneself to other people.
means that a theory has many different applications
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