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Chapter 5 - Lesson 1
Terms in this set (34)
Which branch of the armed forces grew
The most in the late 1800s
Economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones
European nations expanding overseas what called what?
They needed to import raw materials and because of high tariffs (taxes) with their country it was very expensive and they wanted to import manufacturing goods for cheaper
Why did Europe focus on expanding their power overseas?
Reduced trade and forced companies to look in overseas markets
What was the key impact of high tariffs
To protect their money and investing tax European nations began taking control of territories and made them one of two types. What were the two types?
a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
Europe protected the local rulers against rebellion and invasion.
What is the benefit of being a protectorate
Protectorate rulers had to accept Europe's (the imperial power) advice on how to govern their country
What did a protectorate have to do in exchange for being protected from rebellions?
the process of developing machine production of goods
Country with its own government but under the control of an outside power
A tax on imported goods
A historian whose beliefs became known as Anglo-Saxonism.
Idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government.
The belief that the United States was destined to expand overseas and spread its civilization across the continent.
Americans feared they would be shut out of foreign markets
Why did the US decide to focus on building up its navy overseas?
Captain Alfred T. Mahan
A US naval officer who helped build public support for large fleets of ships and a large navy
Where did Americans focus on looking for markets overseas?
Commodore Matthew Perry
Who did president fillmore order to negotiate a trade treat with Japan?
Edo Bay (Tokyo Bay)
What area of Japan did Perry's warships enter?
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships after realizing they were not powerful enough to resist The US navy warships
Ships needed them to refuel and Reilly as they crossed the Pacific
What was the importance of ports for the ships?
In the Samoan islands and had one of the best harbors in the South Pacific
What country did the US Fight over Samoa with resulting in an agreement to split Samoa in half?
Where did sugarcane grow successfully?
a grassy plant that is a natural source of sugar grown in Hawaii
To help Hawaii from losing money and to prevent them from turning to Britain or France for help
Why did the US sign a treaty exempting Hawaii sugar from tariffs?
What naval base did the US negotiate rights to from Hawaii?
The sugarcane planters in Hawaii wanted to become part of the US instead of staying a monarchy.
Hawaiian monarch dethroned in 1893 by rebel American planters in an action backed by U.S. Marines
the idea that the United States and Latin American nations should work together
Secretary of State who supported pan-Americanism and started the Pan-Amerixa. Conference of 1889
Require nations of the Western Hemisphere to reside tariffs against each other and Treat each other equally in trade
Create a for nations to work out disputes peacefully
What were the 2 goals that Blaine had for the nations participating in the Pan-American conference?
Organization of American States (OAS)
Organization promoting cooperation among nations of the Western Hemisphere including Latin America. Previously called the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics
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