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ap gov chapter 5 vocab

STUDY
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conservative
One who favors more limited and local government, less government regulation of markets, and more social conformity to traditional norms and values
crosscutting cleavages
Differences in political preferences based on more than one variable
Evangelical Christians
People who say that they have been "born again" and who see certain moral questions as political issues
gender gap
Differences in political views between men and women
liberal
One who favors more government regulation of business and support for social welfare but less regulation of private social conduct
libertarian
One who is conservative on economic issues, liberal on personal conduct issues
middle America
Americans who have moved out of poverty but are not yet affluent and who cherish middle-class values
new class
Middle-income people who live in cities, skip church, and have mostly liberal political views
norm
A standard of right or proper conduct that helps determine the range of acceptable social behavior and policy options
party identification
The political party for which one or one's family usually votes
political elites
People who have a disproportionate amount of political power
political ideology
A coherent and consistent set of beliefs about who ought to rule, what principles rulers should obey, and what policies they ought to pursue
poll
A survey of public opinion
populist
One who is liberal on economic issues, conservative on personal conduct issues
pure conservative
One who is conservative on both economic and personal conduct issues
pure liberal
One who is liberal on both economic and personal conduct issues
random sample
A sample selected in such a way that any member of the population being surveyed has an equal chance of being interviewed
religious tradition
The moral teachings of religious institutions on religious, social, and economic issues
sampling error
The difference between the results of two surveys or samples
silent majority
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s
social status
A measure of one's social standing obtained by combining such factors as education, income, and occupation
traditional middle class
Middle-income people who usually live in suburbs, attend church, favor business, and have mostly conservative political views
yuppies
Young urban professionals