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Athens and Sparta
Terms in this set (44)
What does pericles mean by saying that Athens government was a pattern to others?
Athens was an example for other countries to follow
What describes a democracy?
A government that considers the needs of the many instead of the few.
Which qualification is most important for a person who wants to serve there country?
How was Athenian democracy?
All people are equal under the law.
Athens economy was based on?
Athenians made coins from?
Gold, Silver, and Bronze.
How did geographic location help Athens develop and economy based on trade?
It was near the sea.
Athenians bought and sold goods at a market place called?
What was the chief goal of education in Athens?
Producing good citizens
Who was educated in Athens? describe it.
Only boys when to school. Book learning and physical training were important.
Why were boys in Athens educated different from girls?
Only boys can grow up to be citizens.
The chief role of women in Athens was?
Managing the home.
Describe the life of women in Athens?
They had fewer right than free men.
What task was preformed both by women and slaves in Athens?
Desrcribe the status of women in Athens?
They were below the status of men.
Describe Spartan women?
Strong and Healthy
On like the women of Athens, the women of Sparta?
Could own property
Why were Spartan girls given military training?
Because Spartan women were expected to fight when needed.
What advice would a Spartan mother most likely give to her son?
To be a strong soldier.
How did the fact that Athens was so close to the sea affect its economy?
It had a good harbor, this enabled to trade with other city-states and with several foreign lands.
Why was Sparta so isolated?
It was located on a narrow plain on a peninsula so rounded on three sides by mountains.Its harbor was about 25 miles away
In which of the two city states could women own property and why was this a good idea?
Sparta. Because women can remarry and they need another home to live with there new husband. (Sparta)
After Spartan conquered there neighbors what were they forced to give up?
Part of there land
What was the main propose of the Spartan education?
To produce capable men and women who could fight and protect the city-states.
Who made the main governmental decisions in Sparta?
Council of Elders.
What types of activities took place in the agora?
Merchants sold there goods from small stands, they bought and sold slaves. (Market place).
Why did Athenian boys have to have a good memory?
Books were ere and very expensive, students had to read subjects out loud and memorize everything.
Why was Sparta an Oligarchy?
The ruling power was in the hands of a few people called the council of elders( two kings and 28 citizens)
A city-state of ancient Greece that was first to have a democracy also known as the birth place of western civilization. Today it is the capital of Greece.
Council of 500
In Athens a group of 500 citizens chosen to form a council responsible for running the day to day business of the government.
Council of Elders
A small group of Spartans who made all of the important governing decisions
A peninsula forming the southern part of the main land of Greece.
A city-state of ancient Greece known for its military oligarchy.
A market in ancient Greece
Describes Athens location.
Athens is on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains by all sides, near the sea.
Describe Spartas location.
Located in a fertile farming area on an inland plain surrounded by mountains on three sides.
How were women treated in Athens?
Women: Couldn't inherit or own much property, could not vote or attend assemblies, or choose there own husbands..
How were slaves treated in Athens?
Slaves: Some people were born into slavery others were captives of war, they performed jobs and tasks that required a great deal of skills.
How were women treated in Sparta?
Women: They had many rights, they could own and control there own property,they chose there husbands and could even remarry again.
How were slaves treated in Sparta?
Slaves: Slaves or helots were people that Spartans had conquered, they were treated harshly but had some rights.
How did Athenians get the goods they needed for there everyday life?
Based on TRADE, they bought and sold goods in the agora, they had coins that made trade easier.
How did Spartans get the goods they needed for there everyday life?
Depended on trade farming and conquered villages
How did Athenians educated there children?
boys were educated to be good citizens, book learning and physical training,girls learn skills for managing the household
How did Spartans educated there children?
Boys and girls were educated to protect the city-states boys began military training at age 7, men served in the army to age 60
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