The belief that a nation needs a large military force. DO YOU NEED EXTRA HELP? Go to: http://historyexamstudy.wikispaces.micds.org
Enemies of the allies, made of Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman empire (Turkey) and Bulgaria
Enemies of the Central Powers made of Serbia, Russia. France, Great Britain, Italy and other countries
A form of battling that involves fighting from inside trenches using machine guns and tanks, and poison gas.
President of the united states in 1914. Kept America neutral until the arrival of the Zimmermann telegram.
A telegram sent to Mexico by Germany offering return of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico assisted in the war against the USA
Founder of the communistic group in Russia. Last Russian ruler before Stalin and the communist take over.
American Expeditionary Force was the first American ground troops to reach the European front. Commanded by Pershing, they began arriving in France in the summer of 1917.
the protection of merchant ships from U-boat-German submarine-attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships
Second Battle of the Marne
The first battle that the US participated in overseas. They stopped Germany from taking France, turning point of World War One
Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting the war effort. Ex. Propaganda posters
An act passed by congress in 1918 making it illegal to not enter the draft with out an excuse and illegal to criticize the war.
Man who wrote the courts opinion in the Schenck vs. United States case. Schenck was accused of violating the Espionage and Sedition acts.
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920 to escape racsim in the south and work in soldiers jobs
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty stripped Germany of all its military. Forced Germany to repair war damages and acknowledge guilt for causing WWI. This also stopped the manufacture of weapons in Germany.
An event in which 6000 people were arrested and their homes were searched without warrant. This was a precautionary of the Red Scare.
President after WWI. Wanted "less government in business and more business in government." Did not approve of government regulations
Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
policy based on the idea that government should play as small a role as possible in the economy
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals by Harding. Business prospered and people's wealth increased. 1923-1929
People who wanted the United States to stay out of world affairs, except for self-defense. Both Harding and Coolidge believed in this.
agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another except for self-defense
A consumers buys products by promising to pay small, regular amounts over a period of time. Like a credit card, except unregulated.
the law that said alcoholic beverages could not legally be manufactured, transported, or sold in the U.S.
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People tried to protect the constitutional right of African Americans. An act that wasn't passed by congress.
Found of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Wanted Africans to return to Africa for a new nation.
Ku Klux Klan
Known as the KKK. Used violence against certain groups in America. Founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American through threats and violence.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics. AKA pop culture.
The artistic rebirth of African-American hope, A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values and often choose to flee to Europe
President of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn't want the government involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
buying on margin
Paying a down payment on stock and borrowed the rest. When they sold the stock they payed off the loan and kept the rest of the money.
Crash of 1929
October 29; fell 23% over black Monday and Tuesday; borrowed funds to buy stocks was the cause of the crash- potential to borrow 78% of the price; took 25 years to recover.
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
public works projects
publicly used facilities, such as schools and highways, built by federal, state, or local governments with public money
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their government war bonuses in cash
The 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times. Led America out of the Great Depression.
The famous congress session that passed laws supporting relief, recovery, and reform during 100 days.
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health.
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955
Work stoppage in which workers shut down all machines and refuse to leave a factory until their demands are met.
Securities and Exchange Commission
Government agency having primary responsibility for enforcing the Federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry. It protected investors, listened to complaints, issued licenses and penalized fraud.
a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
The code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
War Production Board
During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
A. Phillip Randolph
organized a march on Washington DC to protest treatment of black workers in government industries
United States labor agents recruited thousands of farm and railroad workers from Mexico. The program stimulated emigration for Mexico.
Roosevelt signed a document Feb. 19,1942 stating that all people of Japanese ancestry from California and parts of Washington, Oregon, and Arizona, needed to be removed. Put them in internment camps because of their fear for another attack by the Japanese.
G.I Bill of Rights
Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veterans to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security