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Arts of South Asia Quiz 3 Study Guide
Terms in this set (10)
Which European architectural style did the British generally use to construct official buildings in India during the early face, when the East India Company was the ruling body prior to 1858?
What term did the British use to describe the events of 1857? What did many Indians refer to these events as?
British referred to the events as a mutiny while Indians spoke of it as the first battle of independence
What major political and administrative changes occurred in India in the years immediately after the 1857 uprising?
-Abolishment of the East India Company
-Mughal emperor exiled to Burma
-Governor general replaced by viceroy
-Queen Victoria declared Kaiser-i-hind (Emperor of India)
Which Indic architectural styles became the prototype for the Indo-Saracenic style after 1858 (during the second phase of British architecture)?
Mughal and Sultanate
What were some arguments the British made to justify their presence and rule in India in the early 19th century?
India had fallen from its one time glory, the British presence was needed to provide good government and education to improve the lot of the people
What styles and ideas did the architect William Emerson combine in the Indo-Saracenic Muir College
Gothic, Taj Mahal, Sultanate architecture of Bijapur, Islamic style of Egypt
Which European architectural style was preferred in Bombay?
Name three Indo-Saracenic style buildings in Bombay from the late 19th - early 20th century that are discussed in your text book.
Gateway of India, Victoria Terminus, Prince of Wales Museum
Which quasi-Classical Palladian style building in Calcutta was built using the same type of marble as the Taj Mahal? What was the intended purpose / function of this building?
Victoria Memorial Hall, which was intended to be a place where the history of 300 yers of British presence in India could be effectively displayed
Which building located on Raisina Hill in the new city of Delhi was designed by Edwin Lutyens? What features or parts of this building bear references to (or borrow from) Mughal architecture?
The Viceroy's House, bearing reference to gardens and fountains of Mughal style, as well as red and buff sandstone.
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