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31 terms

Cells Test 5th grade

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cytoplasm
function - contains chemicals that help the cell stay healthy
Cell Wall
function - protects the plant cell and helps it keep its shape.
Cell Membrane
function - controls waht gets into and out of the cell.
Nucleus
function - control center of the cell (like our brain)
Chromosomes
function - made up of DNA
Endoplasmic Reticulum
function - important in the synthesis and packaging of proteins.
Mitochondrion
function - known as the powerhouse of the cell. Creates energy for the cell.
Vacuole
function - stores food and nutrients. (think vacuum cleaner)
Chloroplasts
function - food producers; photosynthesis takes place here.
Ribosomes
function - protein builders of the cell
Cytoplasm
description: fluid that fills cells
cell membrane
description: like a big plastic bag with some tiny holes
cell membrane
location - surrounds the cell
cell wall
description: small holes in the wall let nutrients and waste pass through
cell wall
location - surrounds the plant cell
nucleus membrane
description: like a plastice bag with holes in it.
nucleus membrane
location - surrounds the nucleus
nucleus
description: big dark spot on center of the cytoplasm
nucleus
location - usually found in the center of a cell
vacuole
description: structure of fluid containing nutrients or waste
vacuole
location - strorage bubbles found throughout cell
chromosome
description: looks like long limp hot dogs; found in pairs
chromosome
location - found in the nucleus of the cell
endoplasmic reticulum
description: Rough looks like tubes with black bumps. Smooth just look like curvy tubes
endoplasmic reticulum
location - near the nucleus of the cell
mitochondrion
description: very small organelles
mitochondrion
location - found floating throughout the cytoplasm
ribosomes
description: looks like tiny black bumps
ribosomes
location - sometimes found floating in cytoplasm others are found attached to ER
chloroplasts
description: are green, oval organelles that contain chlorophyll
chloroplasts
location - only found in plant cells.