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History Final Exam Sem. 2
Terms in this set (41)
know the conical order of these presidents (Washington, John Adams, Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Lincoln, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Wilson, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan)
-Franklin D. Roosevelt,
-Lyndon B. Johnson,
Who is the current president of the United States?
President Barack Obama
Who is the current vice president of the United States?
Who is the current Secretary of State?
what did the 13th amendment do?
what did the 14th amendment do?
made slaves legal citizens. (gave people who are born in the United States the rights of legal citizenship)
what did the 15 amendment do?
gave blacks the right to vote and also today gives anyone the right to vote and not be secluded the rights based on their characteristics and background
what did the 18th amendment do?
banned the consumption of alcohol
what did the 19th amendment do?
gave women the right to vote
what did the 21st amendment do?
repealed the 18th amendment and let people drink again
the period after the Civil War in which America re-built itself economically, socially, and politically.
building empires by imposing outside rule on peoples around the world
glorification of the military
devotion to the interests of one's country; pride in one's own nation or ethnic group
define alliance system
a treaty between nations that state that they will come to each others aid if a nation declares war on them. This happened during WWI and brought in most of the nations of the world.
is an economic and political based system on the idea that social classes and the right to private property should be eliminated.
political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state and its leader.
define totalitarian state
nation in which a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives.
limits set on the amount of certain goods
define deficit spending
government practice of spending more money than is taken in from taxes
who was Stalin?
the dictator of The Soviet Union during WWII and the cold war. Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. Stalin ordered the killing of many people who disagreed with Stalin and defied his laws.
who was Hitler?
the sole leader of the National Socialist or Nazi Party. The Nazi Party core beliefs were very racist. Once Hitler was named chancellor of the German Parliament he took over Germany and made it a totalitarian state. Hitler also put strict laws against Jews and caused them to suffer greatly.
who was Winston Churchill?
The British Prime Minister during WWII. He gave great support to the British and Allies cause.
Who was Mussolini?
was first appointed to the Prime Minister by the king of Italy because he and his party threatened to over through Italy's elected government. After he was appointed he took over Italy and turned it into a Fascist state. Mussolini banned other parties beside his own and he also ended the freedom of the press.
beginning with Lincoln how did African Americans slowly gain rights?
- Emancipation Proclamation was first passed in 1862 and it gave enslaved blacks in the north freedom but this act didn't include some areas.
-areas not included
- places where there was fighting
- places that the Union took over, and boarder states
- 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment passed.
- 13th- outlawed slavery
-14th- gave every person born in the US the right to be a citizen. This included blacks.
-15th- gave blacks the right to vote
- 1920's UNIA is formed and it causes blacks to spread culture and for blacks to rally for their rights
- 1950s is the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement with the NAACP. The NAACP wins a big case with Thurgood Marshal with the Supreme Court that states that segregating schools was not just and that all schools had to desegregate.
- 1960s the march on Washington with Dr. Martin Luther King ends segregation by President Lydon B. Johnson pressing for the pass of the Civil Rights Act that bans discrimination in public facilities and in employment. It proved for faster school desegregation and further protected voting rights.
how did the 13th amendment impact the US?
people in the south made up sharecropping instead of slavery. This made blacks live in poverty.
how did the 14th amendment impact the US?
gave blacks all over the rights as all citizens but this lead to Jim Crow laws
how did the 15th amendment impact the US?
laws in the south called Jim Crow laws made sure that many blacks couldn't vote
how did the 18th amendment impact the US?
made crime more common and gang leaders rose to power because they owned vast alcohol smuggling chains. These gangs were mostly in cities.
how did the 19th amendment impact the US?
women know could vote all over the US but many women could still not have certain professions and go to certain schools. They could not serve on juries and have their own earnings if they were married, but women were still holding jobs.
how did the 21st amendment impact the US?
this is the downfall of some gangs in cities and organized crime.
why was the panama canal important to the United States?
it showed that America was a global power instead of a new formed nation
Why and how did the Americans become involved in WWI?
- The sinking of the Lusitanaia by German U-boats.
-The Zimmerman telegraph that stated that Germany would help Mexico invade America to get New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona back.
-The Russian revolution that over through the Tsar of Russia instead leaving a new government for the people. This made it so that Americans would be fighting with the Allies and that the people they were fighting with would be nations that had democracy.
Why: these factors caused tension for many Americans and it made them want to go to war.
How: gave man and supplies to the Allies.
What was the great depression
The American Economy collapsed and the stock market crashed. This left 1/3 of the population out of the work force. President Roosevelt brought the New Deal to the American people to stop the depression and jump start the nation's economy.
What was the New Deal
government programs that President Roosevelt established that provided jobs and helped the economy.
How and why did America become involved in WWII
Why: The Americana's were attacked by the Japanese and American needed to defend themselves from the Japanese by declaring war.
How- aided the allies with fresh soldier and
What are the positive aspects of the 1920's?
- women expressed their sexuality
- new culture including the Harlem Renaissance and black culture inspiring America
- communication changes
- transportation changes with Ford and the construction of highways across the nation
- medical innovations help save lives, these include penicillin, insulin, and vitamins.
what are the negative aspects of the 1920's
-organized crime rose to power and violence
-KKK rose to power
-Stock Market crashed
- illegal selling of alcohol
- corruption in the government
who was Thurgood Marshall?
a man who became head of the NAACP legal section. He was a lawyer that used his knowledge of the Constitution to attack the foundations of segregation which gaurantess all citizens "equal protections of the laws." Marcahl stated that all rights int eh federal constitution applied to the states as well.
what was the brown v. board of education
Oliver Brown sued the board of education of Topeka, Kansas. Mr. Brown's daughter was forced to go to a rundown segregated school and he wanted her to go to a better school which had better facilities and was closer. The problem was that the better facilities were for white only student. Thurgood Marshall represented Mr. Brown. Marshall recognized that this was the time to overthrow the doctrine of "Separate but Equal". He stated that segregation made equal education impossible. Segregation, she further argued, also damaged African American children by making them feel inferior. The court agreed and they banned segregation in schools all across America.
what was the Plessy v. Ferguson
a man named Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a coach marker for whites only. In the case of Plassy v. Ferguson, the court ruled that that Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad cars was okay and that it was good because the cars were separate but equal.
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