52 terms

Religion Final VOCAB

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12 apostles
the foundation members of the new people of God; the Church
Pope
father; head of the Church
bishops
successors of the Apostles who have received the fullness of the Priesthood
hierarchy
structured order
pilgrim church
another way of looking at the new community of God
people of God
a title for the church that reminds us that the church is a visible community of people who are chosen by God to be his own
mystical body of Christ
a name for the Church; reminds us that we are all united to Jesus
communion of saints
found in the Apostles Creed; reminds us that the Church's membership can be found in 3 places- heaven, purgatory, & earth
4 marks of the church
special signs that point out the true Church of Jesus
Cardinal
they meet in the sistene chapel to elect the next pope
priest
can do all the sacraments except for Holy Orders and must have permission to perform confirmation
Deacon
assists the priest and can also be married
religious
nuns and some munks
laity
all the members of the catholic church
catholic
this word means universal
why did Jesus choose 12 Apostles? why not 10 or 11?
because of there was 12 tribes of Israel
who founded our church?
Jesus
what does this bible passage mean? Jesus said to Peter, "whatever you bind on Earth, shall be bound in Heaven and whatever you loose on Earth shall be loosed in Heaven."
that what you have on earth will stay with you forever and whatever you lost on earth will be lost forever
In what places can the church be found?
Heaven, Purgatory, and Earth
How did the early christians act toward Peter?
they recognized him as the head of the Church and all the apostles
who are the successors of the apostles?
the Bishops
why did Jesus change Peter's name?
to show that he had a new mission in the Church
in which book of the bible do we find the passage where Jesus makes Peter the head of the Church?
Matthew
Peter
led the Church in Jerusalem and then traveled to Antioch, Corinth, and finally Rome
Andrew
Traveled to Greece as a missionary
James the Greater
first apostle to be martyred, Killed by King Herod with a sword
John
leader of the churches in Asia, was exiled to Patmos and later returned to Ephesus
Philip
Traveled to Greece to preach
Bartholomew
preached in Armenia
Thomas
Preached to the Parthians, Medes and Persians and then traveled to India
Matthew
may have traveled to Ethiopia or Persia
James the Lesser
first bishop of Jerusalem
Jude
traveled to Persia
Simon
Traveled to Mesopotamia and then on to Persia
Judas
Betrayed Jesus and committed suicide
what does pope mean?
father
prophet
someone chosen by God to speak a message from God to the people
Messiah
"the Anointed One"
prophecies
messages from God
forerunner
someone who goes before another person to prepare the people for his coming
herald
someone who announces the coming of a royal person
repent
to give up their sinful desires and actions
nativity
birth
incarnation
the event by which the Son of God took on our human nature
miracles
some event or happening that is beyond the powers of man or of nature
evangelists
writers if the Gospels
hypo-static union
the mystery of faith that we believe that Jesus is both God and man at the same time because God has revealed it to us
heresies
errors about the mystery of the Incarnation
Docetism
truth that corrupted the truth that Jesus is human
arianism
false teaching about Christ's divinity
enumenical council
meeting of all the Bishops of the Church in union with the Pope
Nicene Creed
the profession of faith we sat at every Sunday mass
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