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10 terms

Urinalysis Test Chap 7

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color
normal is amber-abnormal red
appearance
s/b clear-cloudy or turbid indicates pus and bacteria
pH
normal is 6.5-slightly acidic
protein
s/b none-if albumin is detected could mean leak in glomerular membrane
glucose
s/b no sugar-most cases it indicates diabetes mellitus
specific gravity
the amount of wastes, minerals, and solids in the urine
ketone bodies
accumulate in urine and blood when body breaks down fat instead of sugar for fuel-dangerous because of high acidity of the blood
sediment and casts
presence of abnormal particles is a sign of a pathologic condition
phenylketonuria (PKU)
phenylketones accumulate in newborns lacking the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase-leads to mental retardation
bilirubin
if present may indicate liver or gallbladder disease