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48 terms

Test 4 Mythology

STUDY
PLAY
Phaethon
son of the sun god; drives his father's chariot and looses control; plunges into sea
Helios
sun god; swears by the river styx
Clymene
Phaethon's mortal mother
Pegasus
winged horse- sprung from Medusa's blood; kick Bellerphon off when he wants to go to Olympus
Bellerphon
father is Poseidon; with the help of Pegasus-- kills Chimaera
Chimaera
head of lion; body of goat; tail of snake; breathes fire
Sisyphus
in the underworld, must role a bolder up a hilll, when he gets to top, roles back down; does thisfor the rest of his life because he betrayed a secret of Zeus
Daedalus
creates the Labrynthk,designs wings for Icarus, his son
Icarus
Daedalus' son; doesn't listen to father's advice, flies to close to the sun, falls, & drowns
Perseus
son of Zeus & Danae; kills Medusa with the help of Athena and Hermes
Danae
Persus' mortal mother; Zeus appears to her in a golden shower
Polydectes
Evil king who wants to marry Danae; inspires Perseus to get Medusa's head
King Acrisius
Danae's father; told by oracle at Delphi, his son will kill him; builds underground home for Danae; Perseus- does kill him (on accident)
Dictys
fishermen- adopts Danae and Perseus
Medus
mortal Gorgon who is killled by Perseus; her look turns men to stone
Hermes/Athena
two gods who helps Perseis on his quest to kill Medusa
Hermes
gives Perseus a sword
Athena
gives Perseus aegis to use as a mirror-- so he doesn't look at Medusa's face
Gray Women
share one eye; tell Perseus where Nymphs of the North live
Andromada
Perseus falls in love with her; Perseus cuts off sea monster head with Hermes sword; son-- Hercules
Theseus
greates hro of Athens; kills the minotaur; one of a few mortals who can go to underworld and come back out
Aegeus
king of Athens; Theseus' father; jumps into Aegon sea when he sees black on his son's ship
Hercules
greatest hero of Greece; Theseus' son
Crete
King Minos' island
Minotaur
half bull; half man; ears virgins; killed by Perseus
Pasiphae
Minos' wife; falls in love with Poseidon's bull, mother to the Minotaur
Labyrinth
maze where the minotaur lives
Ariadne
Minos' daughter; learns secret of Labyrinth; secret= tie the string and follow it
Daedalus
designer of the Labyrinth
Centaura
half horse, half man, drunk and try to carry Pirithous; kills her
Pirithous
THeseus' best friend who goes to the Underworld to steal Persephone
Chair of Forgetfulness
sit in it-- forget everything, punishment of Pirithous and Theseus
Phaedra'
Theseus wife, falls in love with step soon; writes a not saying Hipppolytus violated her; kills herself
Hippolytus
THeseus' son; devotes life to Artemis; accused of raping his step-mother, Phaedra; died because Aphrodite's hate
Hercules
greatest hero of Greece; son of Zeus; 12 labors; tries to die on funeral pyre (bonfire); ascends to Olympus; marries Hebe
Amphitryon
Gercules' step-father; Iphicle's father
Alemena
Hecules' mothal mohter
Princess Megara
Hercules' wife; mother of 3 children; Hercules kills her and children because of Hera
King Eurystheus
gives Hercules the twelve labors
Nemean Lion
killed by Hercules; skins coat and wears it
*Hydra
12 labors of Hercules-- 9 headed monster that Hercules kills with Iolaus' help
Iolaus
gives Hercules a brand; Hercules cutts off neck and sears neck so new head cannot pop out
Aegean stables
Hercules cleans these; by running two raging river through them
*Stymphalion birds
has help- birds hide, Athena scares them out of their cage; Hercules shoots them with a bow and arrow
King Diomedes
kills enemies; feeds flesh to his horses
Golden Apples of the Hesperides
Atlas gets apples from his daughters Hercules; holds world on his shoulders
Deuhira
wife of Hercules; sends him the robe soaked in centuars blood; cause's Hercules' "death" (goes to Mt. Olympus)
Hebe
Hercules imortal wife; cupbearer to gods