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THIRD WORLD STUDIES (MIDTERM TERMS)
Terms in this set (17)
Third World Liberation Front
In 1968, a coalition of various ethnic student groups formed at San Francisco State University. Significant because these coalitions initiated and sustained strikes that called for campus reform and rights for students, particularly those of African descent and other minorities. Combated oppression and inequalities in society.
"Developing economically, politically and cultural revolutionary third world consciousness of racially oppressed people."
TRANSFORMATION NOT ASSIMILATION
3rd World Studies is an academic formation, in which the subjects are
1) Power [the agency one has in the world// need to locate the articulation of power]
2) The Oppressed [in some contexts we can be the oppressor or the opressed]
Problem of the twentieth century (W.E.B. Du Bois)
...the color line"
-each person deserves their own place instead of glossing over them
-RACISM AS A MEANS OF CULTURAL SUPPRESSION
-Denial of fundamental rights of man=impede cultural advancement and hampered cultural cooperation on the wider international plane.
-Impediment to the promotion of world peace and cooperation
-Colonialism in all its manifestations is an evil
-"Colonialism prevents cultural cooperation and suppressed the national culture of the people"
National culture (Frantz Fanon)
National cultures are the ultimate expression of freedom
-"The Negro, never so much a Negro as since he has been dominated by whites." "black skin, white mass"
-How people relate to culture under colonialism while fighting colonialism
-Necessary to move away from mimicking European culture
-Importance of the knowledge we have (as opposed to Fiere who argues for the importance of how we ingest knowledge)
Mis-education (Carter Woodson)
miseducation is a type of lynching, Wrote "Miseducation of the Negro" → people of color are taught to think of themselves as inferior because of the devaluation of history and subject self.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed - Paulo Freire
-FANON: Importance of the knowledge we have (as opposed to Fiere who argues for the importance of how we ingest knowledge)
the theory that human activity is determined by geographical conditions
European peoples have inner heat since they live in cold climates, this gives them special abilities, power
Carl Linneus (?) Classifying people by the continent they came from and their temperament, posture, color
Settler colonies were in temperant places, extraction colonies in tropics
Taxonomy (and race)
Party of Imperial Project (Discourse)
Definition: the classification of something, especially organisms.
Imperialism: installation of order over apparent disorder
Taxonomy: a system of grouping, ranking, as a way to achieve order
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
an anthropologist and medical doctor in the 1700's that divided the human species into five races based on their skull type (Caucasian, Mongolian, Malayan, Ethiopian, and American)
-Natural Variety of Mankind, Europeans were top race, all others were degenerations
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Extraterritorial Powersn (agency and ability) and soverignty (?)
1) Discourse: the imposition of power, order; taxonomy, classifying and ordering (Such as Said and Orientalism-- exertion of power over orient by Europe)--> interpollates people as Oriental
2) Material Relations: Colonialsim
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
A consequence of capitalism and colinialsin, not the people tejmselves--> African economies underined by people themselves.
Development of the underdevelopment is part of capitalism, leads to physiological and economic dependency
"destroying peoples concept of who they are"
Thingingcation by colonizers
Essential human trait it to have past, present, and future, to deny that is oppression
World-system theory (Immanuel Wallerstein)
One world connected by a network of economic exchange relationship// control flows from Core--->Semi-Periphery--->Periphery
Arose from dependecy theory in Latin America
Argues that capital moves from rural to urban (surplus/labor enriches the already rich)
Systematic to the imperial project
1) Means of production (land fur lumber)
2) Labor exerts itself on means of production, and the relationships of production which compromise classed of workers and owners
LABOR MIGRATION AS part of capitalism and world systems, typically involving people of color
WHEN WORKERS ARE PROFITABLE, THEY ARE WELCOME, WHEN THEY ARE NOT --> IMMIGRATION BECOMES LAW
The solution to the rising cost of labor in European Colonialsim, it is more vulnerable and super exploitable (not only of living conditions but of surplus product)
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
The driving practice of idea of imperialism
[DISCOURSES THAT ENABLE]: God's Will and Nature's Law (civil vs savage)
The solution to depletion of resources in capitalism
groups that did not come voluntarily and are subjected to specific laws that constrained their activity and movement and are subjected to economic and even sexual subordination [trapped within NATION STATE]
-eventually exterminated through forced integration
Hegemony (Antonio Gramsci)
Gramsci, hegemony ("predominance by consent") is a condition in which a fundamental class exercises a political, intellectual, and moral role of leadership within a hegemonic system cemented by a common world-view or "organic ideology."
You make realy what is abstract, the philosophy of praxis
Hegemony-- a constant
1) How the workers convinced the peasantry to join in the revolution
2)hegemony of ruling class over working class
3) Negotiated between forces of coercion and consent
---passive consent (going along)
---active consent, an agreement between rules and ruled ( achieve through traditional and organic ideology)
Nation- set of people with nationalism Nationalism-Emotional attachment to ones country
Origin 1648: Westphalia, seventy, land, property, people divided into a nation with a monarch
Social Formation of Nation through Race
Race: Birth, blood
Gender: Public Sphere--> men, possession of civil virtues
Class: Property, means to quality for voting
A federally recognized Indian tribe is an independent nation with the right to form its own government, enforce criminal and civil laws, levy taxes within its borders, establish its membership, and license and regulate activities.
What is another name for the Dakota War, during which the U.S. militia retaliated against Dakota Sioux after they attacked white settlers in Minnesota and the Dakota Territory in 1862?
The new regional division of labor created by improved transportation meant that the South specialized in...
These carbohydrate sources contributed much to the Indian food supply and still contribute the most to the world's food supply of staple foods:
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