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COMM Law quiz 2
Terms in this set (18)
What is not one of the five elements of defamation?
This case is better known as the "Pentagon Papers" case.
New York Times Co. v. United States
What cannot receive copyright protection?
The Supreme Court required in Miller v. California that obscenity be determined by a(n):
Libel may be defined as a false statement of fact that is disseminated about a person and tends to
injure that person's reputation.
A copyright lasts for _____ years after publication for corporate authors for anything published on or after 1978.
n this landmark case, the Supreme Court for the first time explicitly adopted the doctrine against prior restraint as constitutional law.
Near v. Minnesota
T/F: Under current U.S. Supreme Court interpretations of the First Amendment, obscene material is considered protected expression.
T/F: The SLAPP, or "Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation", defense is designed to eliminate meritless libel suits aimed at silencing a person's right to speak out about a matter of public interest.
A defendant's best defense in a defamation case is when the allegedly defamatory statement is...
Copyright ownership and protection begins at the moment the work is created in a _________ form.
____________ is the standard needed to defame a public official.
In a defamation lawsuit, "_________" occurs when the defamatory statements are communicated to at least one person other than the defamed.
For an individual, copyright in the United States lasts for the author's ________________ plus _____________ years
____________________is when, rather than punish the publisher by criminal or civil sanctions for what has already been published, the government prevents or bars publication from occurring in the first place.
Under the Copyright Act of 1976, what five exclusive rights does a copyright holder have?
1) The right to reproduce the work
2) The right to prepare derivative work
3) The right to distribute copies for sale
4) The right to perform all works publicly
5) The right to display musical and artistic work publicly
For government imposed time, place, and manner restrictions to be found Constitutional, what three criteria must they meet?
1) The regulation must be content neutral.
2) It must be narrowly tailored to serve a significant governmental interest.
3) It must leave open ample alternative channels for communicating the speaker's message.
What are three areas of exception in which the federal government can legally censor, or exercise prior restraint against, media outlets?
2) temporary restraining orders
3) cease and assist orders ~
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