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Unit 5 Lesson 1 Grammar

STUDY
PLAY
the yo form
what form do usted and ustedes commands take in the present tense?
e
with ar verbs, what is the usted ending?
en
with ar verbs, what is the ustedes ending?
a
with er and ir verbs, what is the usted ending?
an
with er and ir verbs, what is the ustedes ending?
salga, salgan
translate: leave (usted and ustedes)
sea, sean
usted and ustedes command- ser
vaya, vayan
usted and ustedes command- ir
esté, estén
usted and ustedes command- estar
dé, den
usted and ustedes command- dar
sepa, sepan
usted and ustedes command- saber
haya, hayan
usted and ustedes command- haber
que
how do usted and ustedes commands change with car verbs?
gue
how do usted and ustedes commands change with gar verbs?
ce
how do usted and ustedes commands change with zar verbs?
toque, toquen
usted and ustedes command- tocar
pague, paguen
usted and ustedes command- pagar
cruce, crucen
usted and ustedes command- cruzar
attached to the end
where do object pronouns go in a positive command?
in front
where do object pronouns go in a negative command?
hábleme
translate: talk to me
put an accent where the emphasis would be in the normal verb
how do you have to change a positive command with an object pronoun?
no me hable
translate: don't talk to me
hiérvalas
translate: boil them (usted)(the carrots)
no los lave
translate: don't wash them (usted) (the dishes)
no le venda esta camisa
translate: don't sell her this shirt
by adding -ísimo(a, os, as)
how do you add emphasis to adjectives?