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World Geo Exam 9
Terms in this set (106)
Five themes of Geography with questions?
1. Place- what is it like (physical and human)
2. Location- where (absolute and relative)
3. Movement- how are people/places connected
4. Human and environmental interaction
5. Region- Formal, Functional, Perceptioal
Study of the earth
Describe or write down
Exact L and L of place
General area it is located in
What is the shape of the earth?
Globes: Positive vs Negative
P: Most accurate representation of the world we have.
N: Inconvenient, bulky
Maps: Positive and Negative
P: Can be detailed, portable
Three types of maps?
1. Political- shows boundaries
2. Physical Map
3. Thematic (special purpose)
Special Purpose Map
Shows one thing
Three types of map projections?
Three layers of the earth?
Crust (12 plates)
What percentage of earths water is fresh and salt?
Where is most freshwater located?
Lakes, rivers, glaciers, ground water (only have access to 1% of fw)
What percentage of the earth is land?
What is the water cycle? Three steps?
The watter water moves around earth.
Evaporation, condensation, precipitation
An extended break in a body of rock
Five factors that influence climate?
1. Indirect sunlight/ latitude
3. Wind patterns
4. Ocean currents
5. Land forms: large bodies of water, mountain ranges (rain shadow effect)
What are the three latitude regions?
1. Low- Capricorn to Tropic of cancer
2. Mid- Tropic of Cancer to Antarctica
3. High- Polar
Windward vs Leeward
Windward- wet side
Leeward- dry side
What happens to the atmosphere as elevation increases?
Create landforms as they move
All land on Earth
Any part of the earth that can sustain life
All body of water that can sustain life
All gasses around us
Define Prevailing winds
HL- polar easterlies
A system which tradition and custom control all economic activity; exist in only a few parts of the world today
An economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
System of resource management in which decisions about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority
Negative population growth
When the annual death rate exceeds the annual birthrate
Producing just enough food for family or village to survive
Agriculture aquaculture organized as a business; producing food with the purpose to sell
Study of population
Science of mapmaking
Society based on equality in which workers control industrial production
Government in which one person rules with unlimited power and authority
Form of government in which powers are divided between the national government and the state or provincial government
Any system of government in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
Any system of government in which a small group holds power
Number of births per year for everyone thousand people
Define death rate
Number of deaths per year for every thousand people
Define cultural hearths
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
A member of a wandering pastoral people
What are the regions of Latin America?
1. South America
2. Middle America
3. The Caribbean
What does Middle America consist of?
Mexico and Central America
What does the Caribbean consist of?
1. Greater Antilles
2. Lesser Antilles
What five Islands make up the Greater Antilles?
3. Puerto Rico
5. Dominican Republic
What is the impact of mountains?
What are the major agricultural regions?
3. Anahuac Plateau
Significance of Lake Maracaibo?
1. Largest lake in Latin America
2. Lots of oil reserves
3. Located in Venezuela
What is the significance of Lake Titicaca?
1. Border of Peru and Bolivia
2. World's highest navigable lake
Define vertical zonation
Change in climate due to elevation
What are the three different zones (vertical zonation)
1. Tierra Caliente (sea - 2,500ft)
2. Tierra Templada
(2,500 - 6,500)
3. Tierra Fria (6,500 - 12,000)
List some crops grown at each zone
1. Tierra Caliente- bananas, pineapples, sugar cane
2. Tierra Templata- coffee, corn
3. Tierra Fria- potatoes
Where do most Latin Americans live?
Central Mexico and East Coast of South America
What present of the Amazon Rain Forest has been destroyed?
What are the leading causes of deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest?
1. Slash and Burn
2. Commercial Logging
3. Cattle Ranching
4. Trans Amazon Highway
Small land, farmed by poor
Large agricultural estate
Rural farmers in Latin America
What is the significance of Spain and Portugal conquistadors?
Left behind their culture (faith and arts, etc.)
Blending of languages
Blending of faith
What is the Rio de la Plata?
Estuary where the P.P.U. meets the Atlantic Ocean
What is the Rio Grande?
Serves as border between Texas and Mexico
What is slash and burn farming?
Old process used to clear Forest
What is the P.P.U. ?
Creates hydroelectric power; used for trade
Where was the Mayan Empire located?
Southern Mexico, Yucatan Peninsula
Where was the Aztec Empire located?
Where was the Incan Empire located?
Andes Mountains and West Coast of South America
What is the Danube River
Flows into the Black Sea
One of Eastern Europe's major waterway
Define the Rhine River
Most important river in Western Europe
Flows into the Netherlands
What is the Industrial Revolution?
The transition from human workforce to machines
Takes place in the late 1700s
Starts in Great Britain
Steep inlet created by glaciers
Lands that have been drained and kept dry by large banks of earth and stone (to hold back water)
Strict class system (nobles, peasants)
Movement that lessened the power of the Catholic Church
When the people started questioning why the rulers were in power
Name the five peninsulas found in Europe
What does the Jutland peninsula consist of?
What does the Iberian Peninsula consist of?
Portugal and Spain
What does the Balkan Peninsula consist of?
A tangle of mountain ranges and valleys that stretch southward from the Dinuba River
What does the Appennine peninsula consist of?
What does the Scandinavian peninsula consist of?
Much of Norway and Sweden
What causes the change of seasons?
The tilt and rotation of Earth
What is the equator and prime meridian?
Equator: divides Earth to north and south
Prime Meridian: divides Earth to east to west
What is a nomadic bedouin?
Arab speaking people who migrated to North Africa from Deserts in Southwest Asia
Where do most people live in the Middle East?
Along the Nile River in Egypt
What is the longest river in the world?
What is a steepe climate?
semi arid climate regions
What is desertfication?
Process in which arable land turns into Desert
What is desert pavement
Cracked earth on desert ground
What and where is the Sahel region?
South of the sahara
Serves as border
What is the maghreb?
Arabic word for North Africa
Largest ethnic group in the Middle East?
What is the largest ethnic group in Iran?
Persians (speak Farsi)
What does it mean to be Arab?
Member of Semitic people, originally from the Arabian Peninsula inhabiting much if the Middle East and North Africa
Three most populated Nations in the middle east?
Main language in the Middle East?
What does Islam mean?
Peace and submission to Gods will
Who was Muhammad?
What is the Qur'an?
The exact words of God
What is the Hadith?
Saying and deeds of Muhammad
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
1. Praying to God 5x a day
2. Pilgrimage to Mecca once a lifetime
3. Fasting during Ramadan
5. Creed- only one God and Muhammad is his messenger
What is the difference between Sunni and Shiite Muslims?
Sunni- felt that the leader didn't have to be descendant if Muhammad
Shiite- believed only people in Muhammad's bloodline should rule
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