Terms in this set (43)
Sources that provide information to the average citizen, such as newspapers, television net- works, radio stations, and websites.
Newspapers sold for one cent in the 1830s, when more efficient printing presses made reduced-price newspapers available to a larger segment of the population.
An organization that gathers news and sells it to other media outlets. The invention of the telegraph in the early 1800s made this type of service possible.
A style of newspaper popular in the late 1800s that featured sensationalized stories, bold headlines, and illustrations to increase readership.
Reporters who dig deeply into a particular topic of public concern, often targeting government failures and inefficiencies.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
A government agency created in 1934 to regulate American radio stations and later expanded to regulate television, wireless communications technologies, and other broadcast media.
Communications technologies, such as television and radio, that transmit information over airwaves.
An FCC regulation requiring broadcast media to present several points of view to ensure balanced coverage. It was created in the late 1940s and eliminated in 1987
equal time provision
An FCC regulation requiring broadcast media to provide equal airtime on any non-news programming to all candidates running for an office.
The trend toward single-company ownership of several media sources in one area.
The trend toward single-company ownership of several kinds of media outlets.
Companies that control a large number of media sources across several types of media outlets.
Media sources that predate the Internet, such as newspapers, magazines, television, and radio.
Evening hours when television viewership is at its highest and networks often schedule news programs.
The time between the release of information and its publication, like the twenty-four hours between issues of a daily newspaper.
An event at which a politician speaks to journalists and, in most cases, answers their questions afterward.
on background/ off the record
Comments a politician makes to the press on the condition that they can be reported only if they are not attributed to that politician.
Legislation, which exists in some states but not at the federal level, that gives reporters the right to refuse to name the sources of their information.
The idea that many Americans acquire political information unintentionally rather than by seeking it out.
The influence of media coverage on average citizens' opinions and actions.
The influence on public opinion that results from journalists' and editors' decisions about which of many potential news stories to report.
The imbalance in a story that covers one candidate or policy favorably without providing similar coverage of the other side.
The influence on the public's general impressions caused by positive or negative coverage of a candidate or issue.
The influence on public opinion caused by the way a story is presented or covered, including the details, explanations, and context offered in the report.
A type of increasingly popular media coverage focused on political scandals and controversies, which causes a negative public opinion of political figures.
A description of the type of election coverage that focuses more on poll results and speculation about a likely winner than on substantive differences between the candidates.
Media coverage that aims to entertain or shock, often through sensationalized reporting or by focusing on a candidate or politician's personality.
Media coverage focused on facts and important issues surrounding a campaign.
What is the fairness doctrine?
TV and radio stations must offer a variety of political views in programs.
The deregulation of the media has resulted in ________.
increasing frequency of cross-ownership
Why aren't media sources interchangeable?
Local news stations depend on major news sources for most of their content.
Which is the result of the decreased barriers to publication on the Internet?
People with no official connection to candidates can have a significant influence on elections.
Why hasn't the Internet increased citizens' political knowledge?
Most people only focus on websites that reinforce their own views.
"Staging the news" refers to _______________.
politicians attempting to influence coverage by providing select information
Shield laws _______________.
allow reporters to protect confidential sources
What is the by-product theory of political information?
Most Americans learn about politics accidentally.
Which news source has the greatest proportion of high-knowledge viewers?
The Colbert Report
What is priming?
when a journalist's story affects the importance people place on the issue being covered
Space limitations mean that some _______________ is inevitable.
What is one problem with research on media bias?
It is difficult to measure bias.
Which is an example of "soft news"?
a CNN story about a member of Congress posting risqué photos of himself to his Twitter account
Which of the following statements best characterizes soft news?
Soft news stories sell far better than hard news stories.
Why do reporters move beyond "just the facts" reporting?
Politics is complicated and often requires some interpretation.
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