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31 terms

MIDDLE AGES, Quiz 1

feudalism, the Church, rise of cities
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feudalism
a system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty
Middle Ages
the years between ancient times and modern times
medieval
referring to the Middle Ages
manor
a large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord
serf
a farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked
knight
soldier who received honor and land in exchange for serving his lord
Charlemagne
king of the Franks
Charlemagne
ruler who spread the Christian religion, established schools, and united Western Europe
Vikings
skilled sailors and tough warriors who attacked European towns
lords
owned or managed land who treated their vassals with honor
fief
a share of land given to vassals
king
head of the nobles who owned land/person the lords and vassals were loyal to
peasant
poor people who made their living as farmers and laborers
vassals
men who promised to raise and lead armies that would fight for their lord
noblewomen
managed the household, performed necessary medical tasks, and supervised servants
clergy
people with the authority to perform religious services
gothic
referst to a style of architecture containing stained-glass windows, sculptures, and masses of stonework
excommunication
to be expelled from membership in the Church and participation in Church life
Bubonic plague
another name for the Black Death
guild
an organization that included all the people who practiced a certain trade or craft
journeyman
craftsmen earned this title after finishing an apprenticeship and before becoming a guild member
apprentice
an unpaid person training in a craft or trade
chivalry
the code of honorable conduct by which knights were supposed to live
scholasticism
a system using reason to support Christian beliefs
monasticism
a form of religious life where monks live in monasteries
troubadour
a traveling poet and musician of the Middle Ages
"the Church"
this organization had power in every kingdom, every fief, and every village, and was run by Catholic clergy
middle class
a status of people between nobles and peasants who were merchants, traders, and craft workers
cathedral
huge medieval church which served as a house of worship, a gathering place, and even as a religious school
Black Death
a disease that wiped out one-third of Europe's population between 1347 and 1351.
Black Death
spread by fleas from infected rats