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AP UK terms
Terms in this set (27)
Governing system in which (although elections take place) citizens are cut off from knowledge about the activities of those who exercise real power. Lack of civil liberties
The right and acceptance of an authority. Derives from societal custom and habit that emphasize the history of the authority of tradition.
a system of government by one person with absolute power, an individual dictator, group of power holders, committees, or party leadership
Parastatals / quangoes
a semipublic administrative body outside the civil service but receiving financial support from the government, which makes senior appointments to it.
people consent to their rulers, in turn, rulers are constitutionally constrained to respect individual rights.
a person whose authoritative persona charms and psychologically dominates the people of society into agreement with government regime and rule.
(logical reasoning) the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy.
form of government or the set of rules, cultural or social norms, that regulate the operation of a government or institution and its interactions with society.
far right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society
the central government commonly delegates authority to subnational units and channels policy decisions down to them for implementation. A majority of nation-states are unitary systems.
Examples of Unitary states: Great Britain
Japan, China, and France
The belief that a ruler/institution/leader has the right to govern: Perception
governmental interference in economic affairs at home in order to win a war (opposite of laissez-fair economics)
Postwar consensus to build a welfare state. State assumes responsibility for healthcare, education, housing, food, jobs, social services, etc.
Spending more money than you make (government spending to manage economic recessions by stimulating demand or reducing spending to reduce inflation (prices going up))
government control of money supply. Stabilize money growth supply from the central bank in order to stabilize inflation.
privatization of nationalized industries and trade union legislation, A belief in free markets and a small state. Rather than regulating business and people, government's job is to get out of the way.
calls for free markets, balanced budgets, privatization, free trade, and minimal government intervention in the economy (Margret Thatcher (UK) and Ronald Reagan (US))
Blair's Third Way
left and right side parties combine to create an alternative system (Idealogical base for New Labour Party)
the caring issues
Food, House, education, jobs health care
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
Magna Carta (1215)
the first ever attempt to limit the power of the British King, guaranteed all people certain rights
the concept that all cabinet members agree on policy decisions and all will be responsible for the results
A state that can control the pattern of alliances and terms of the international order, and often shapes domestic political developments in countries.
Bill of Rights
gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament, protected rights of english subjects
An electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties not individuals
fusion of powers (UK)
when the executive and legislative branches of government are intermingled
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