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The Protestant Reformation Begins, Chapter 13 Section 3
Terms in this set (9)
in the Roman Catholic Church, pardons for sins committed during a person's life;
- Some clergy also sold indulgences, only the rich could afford to buy them.
- In the Middle Ages, they were often granted for doing good deeds.
the German monk who triggered the revolt against the Roman Catholic church in 1517;
- Angered by the sale of indulgences, Luther drew up his 95 Theses and nailed them to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany.
- He argued that indulgences had no place in the Bible, and Christians could only be saved by faith.
- Rather than recant, Luther rejected the authority of Rome.
city in northern Germany where Luther drew up his 95 Theses;
the Holy Roman emperor who ordered Luther to recant his 95 Theses;
- The Holy Roman emperor, Charles V, declared Luther an outlaw and ordered his books to be burned.
- But many agreed with Luther and became his followers.
assembly or legislature
a reformer who preached predestination and living a saintly life;
- a French-born priest and lawyer,
was strongly influenced by Reformation ideas.
- He preached that God had long ago determined who would or would not gain eternal salvation.
-Calvinists attempted to live saintly lives to demonstrate that they were among those God had selected.
the idea that God had predetermined who would gain salvation;
- There were two kinds of people, saints and sinners.
- Only the saved could live a truly
the Swiss city where Calvin was asked to establish a Christian community;
- In 1541, the people of Geneva, Switzerland, invited Calvin to lead their community.
a government run by religious leaders;
- Offenses such as swearing, laughing in church, and fighting resulted in fines or worse. No dancing, elaborate dress, etc.
- Religious leaders felt entrusted by God to build a Christian society based on hard work, discipline, thrift, and honesty
- Many Protestants saw Geneva as a perfect Christian community.
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