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Terms in this set (98)
A Story- Author
-Anti-Chinese settlement in Indonesia
-Father: arrested, political prisoner, then Presbyterian minister, President of the republic of China
- university of Pittsburgh, Arizona, New York
-Jamaica Kincaid (anonymity for writing)
- real name: Elaine Cynthia Potter Richardson
-Professor of African and African American studies in Harvard
- Book: At The Bottom of the River
Mother to Son author
-Harlem Renaissance, Communist Activist poet in New York
- Social Conscience and Class Difference
- Only Black poet who made money from writing
Behind Grandma's House author
-Fresno, California and Mexican-American/ Chicanos neighborhood
- Racism, poverty, alienation, family life, and crime
-Finalist for Pulitzer and National Book Award
Advice to My Son Author
-Poet Laureate of St. Petersburg, Florida
-Eckerd College Writing Workshop
- writer in residence in Old Dominion, Davidson, and Hamilton College
Ballad of the Two Grandfathers author
- Born In Camagüey, Cuba
- Journalist, political activist, Afro- Cuban
-Poem Pays homage to black and white grandfathers
Author to her book author
Mother to Son Theme
Social Status/ Social Class Structure
Advice to My son Theme
Planning for future
Balance of life
Ballad of the Two Grandfathers themes
Behind Grandma's House Theme
Classical Chinese poets
Use of silence
BGH- what was the tone of the speaker?
- he wants fame and is centered on his self image
BGH- Verbs that allow the reader to visualize the poem
-Aggressive tone- "hurled, kicked, broke"
-But with living things he "flicked rocks" and "shooes the birds"
-he's not really malicious
BGH- how does Diction add clues to the speakers background and cultural identity?
Mothers backyard as an alley with animals, rocks, cans= poor
BO2G- use of dialogue serves to accomplish what?
Separates the stories of the blacks and whites
Racism is present in society and the past history should not be forgotten. The beauty of unity should remain
BGH- How is Irony presented in the poem?
- He spends the majority of the poem trying to prove his toughness and fitting in but his soft side is shown in how he can't hurt a living thing.
-his own grandma hits him at the end
BO2G- Conflict and resolfuion
Conflict- rift between two heritages of black and Hispanic.
Resolution- they eventually realize they are equal and come together in harmony
BO2G- Repetition for unity AND discord
Unity- " I'm watched by my two grandfathers"
Discord- "I'm dying/crying", "so many ships/blacks" separates the two and focuses on the racism of their time
BGH- What is the theme of the poem!
-The theme is people make an effort to change in order to fit in with everybody around them.
-Irony of him not being able to go of his true self and his grandma being more aggressive shows how one can't really change for others
BO2G- does the speaker of the poem have a preference towards one grandfather
-He prefers more black grandfather because he highlights his suffering and history as a slave more.
-shows sympathy with his "I'm dying"
-not much detail on the whiten
Girl- male-female relationships
Men and women bullying each other, women Iron men's clothes, loving men and being okay if they cheat because you weren't a good woman to him
How to make good medicine
Thoughtful, Frank, reverent
Girl- manners and conduct
Smiling to people you don't like, eat food w/ manners
Girl- who is speaking
Maternal figure- mentions the listeners father and demands the young girl to do things that girls should do
Girl- Personal Hygiene and Appearance
Wash every day, hem dresses
Girl- what kind of information about the culture and setting is presented through the story?
Women have to be submissive
Antiguan culture- "okra, benna, doukona, dasheen"
Girl- Instructions for cooking
Pumpkin fritters in hot sweet oil, soak salt fish, bread pudding, duokona, and pepper pot.
Girl- Instructions Home Maintenance
Sweep a corner, house, a yard, wash clothes, and put them to dry, setting up tables
Girl- Tone of her instructions
Commanding and authoritative, imperative sentences enumeration
Girl- Mother's personality
- Assertive and values how to be a proper lady
- trying to help her daughter survive the difficult world/time they are
- she's self aware of the patriarchal society
- cares for her daughter giving her tips to protect her.
MTS- How does Hughes use dialect and diction
Calling her son with honey and boy shows who she's addressing it to. He uses African American/Southern dialect with contractions and slang to show who she is and certain words show that familial aspect of it.
AMS- What does the speaker mean by "speak truth to one man, work with another"?
He is telling his audience to open up and be honest with himself and others. He wants him to be a symbol of Christ in the world and follow the new commandment.
Girl- Daughter personality
- Trying to be defensive by how she doesn't sing benna
- insecure because she doesn't know if she'd be able to feel the bread
AMS- What do the various plants and the bread symbolize?
the parts of life that are beautiful and lift you up in order to provide you enjoyment.
AMS- The first stanza is contradictory so how the second stanza explain it?
Second stanza uses metaphors to exemplify the more lively parts of life with the more reasonable ones like taking caring of yourself.
AMS- "but son always serve wine" meaning
Both parts of life are imperative
We must live life in enjoying the more beautiful pars and the pleasurable aspects but also focusing on the basics of what we need to survive.
MTS- meaning aka theme and repetition
Meaning is that one has to persevere through the difficult times. The anaphora of " and" builds up (emphasizes) the actions. She repeats her life not being a crystal stair to establish her ethos on knowing how life is hard for her too.
MTS- Analogy and Theme
Life is a staircase. An easy life is the crystal glass one. The hard life is wooden and damaged.
Theme of perseverance and climbing up in life like you would a staircase. Overcoming hardship s
MTS- how is it a dramatic monologue?
Mother is delivering a speech alone to her son and we know this because she addresses him as son, boy, you, and honey,
Mother is giving advice and their is a relationship with respect between the two.
Where does the father "go" in the the poem while his son asks him to say a story? What brings the father back to reality?
The father "goes" into a room of books aka his memory library. He's brought back to reality by the thought of his son growing up.
Story- how is the poem divided between the characters! What is the significance?
When they speak its written in talk s but to divide the two the son is the "boy" and the father is the "man." This shows their age difference and how their relationship is told in two different times, but the relation never changes.
- The tacks, splinters, torn up boards and no carpet relates to those hardship that she has to go through and the unexpected pain.
-Landing in corners shows moments where she had to figure it out and move on.
Story- literary devices
The metaphor of books and stories to represent the life lessons the father has given the son.
Irony in the ending of the story never being told and the title establishes the difficulty of the father and son as he grows up.
Story- who is described as sad and why? What is the point of view
The dad is described as sad because can't come up with a story for his son.
The point of view is third person but alternates between father and son.
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
when a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience
Story_ significance of a boys supplications and a father's love add up to silence and TONE
Shows how the father was not able to come up with a story
Tone- melancholy and disheartening
Story- symbols in the poem
The boy packing his shirt and keys symbolize him growing up and moving out which demonstrates the father's realization that with time his son will no longer need anymore story telling.
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
unable to read and write
free verse poem
A poem that does not follow a regular rhyme scheme or meter
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.
open form poetry that is printed as prose & represents the most clear opposite of fixed form poetry.
n. Life in or fondness for one's home and family.
to rise above or beyond, exceed
something that provides nourishment; food needed to live
Literally, "seize the day"; "enjoy life while you can," a common theme in life and literature.
Represent or identify by using a symbol
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.
the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive features of a literary work
a value or quantity that is nearly but not exactly correct.
one regarded by a country or region as its best poet
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
address to an absent or imaginary person
Tragic Hero Arch
Hamartia- tragic flaw in judgment
Perepetia- Flaw leads to a reversal of fortune
Catharsis - realization by the character that they are the reason
Oedipus Rex as a Tragic Hero
King of Thebes, adored by many
Tragic Flaw Hamartia- Hubris, Prideful, ignorance
Perepetia- prophecies came true he blinds himself.
Catharsis- He realizes that his real parents are Laius and Jocasta and it's because he tried to run from his prophecy
Audience Pities him because he is now exiled and he was so in pain that he self mutilated. Can no longer see his children. He's ashamed
Four prophecies of Oedipus Rex
1. The plague and the murderer needing to be exile or killed
2. Laius's son killing impphim
3. Oedipus will define his mothers bed and murder his father
4. Tiresias prophecy+ he will be blind although he can see
Oedipus's name symbolism
Means swollen feet.
He was bounded as a child
Marked by fate
The crossroads in oedipus
A crucial moment in life where decisions/choices must be made.
The beginning of the fulfillment of the prophecy- when he fights Laius and kills him
a boy's sexual desires toward his mother is normal!1! - Jocasta on crack
Blinds himself with dead Jocasta brooches.
He does not want to see his children
Doesn't want to see his real parents in the after life
Needs to do justice for his Thebans
He shed blood + asks to be exiled = prophecy fulfilled.
3 people of power in Oedipus and their rhetorical devices
Creon- logos ( he ends up with the power)
Themes of Oedipus Rex
fate vs. free will
Metaphorical vs. Physical blindness.
Search for the Truth
Death of a Salesmen
A story about Willy Loman, a businessman who's going crazy and is suicidal. He has a desire for the American Dream that he has passed on to his sons, Biff and Happy, because he was raised to want success by his father and brother Ben.
Death of Salesmen themes
Search for the truth
Desire for the American Dream
Reality vs. Perceived reality
- Willy's thirty-four-year-old elder son.
- Biff in high school was a football star with scholarship prospects, good male friends, and fawning female admirers.
-He failed math, however, and did not have enough credits to graduate.
-He's a kleptomaniac- has gotten him fired from every job that he has held.
-Biff represents Willy's vulnerable, poetic, tragic side.
-He wants to abandon Willy's paralyzing dreams and move out West to work with his hands.
-32 year old son.
-lies to get attention from his father throughout his whole life.
- never is very honest.
-likes to steal women to smite his bosses. A womanizer
- And, has lived in Biff's shadow all his life
- Although he works as an assistant to an assistant buyer in a department store, Happy presents himself as supremely important.
Lowest point in the Loman's relationship
-When Biff and Happy leave their father in the restaurant while he is going crazy.
-He is abandoned once again but by his own sons because he let his false perceptions get the better of him.
-Biff blames Willy for his fantastical ideas as the reason for their failure. He focused on the wrong things.
Willy's older dead brother who is a figment of his imagination
Willy admires him
He left to Africa and came back a success but ironically died alone
Symbol of Willy's mental deterioration
- symbolized by stockings
- Willy has sexual desires that led to his infidelity. He's not satisfied with his life and is trying to find something else.
-Biff discovers this and this is what breaks their relationship
Willys reason for death
His family relationships is broking, he feels as though the seeds he planted are not successful because he blindly believes in riches and power equal success. He kills himself so that they can get life insurance and hopefully make something of them selves. He completely forgot his family and only cared about money.
Irony in Ben Loman's success
Ben ended up dead.
Willy doesn't value his own success and is constantly searching for it in someone else's dream.
The way Willy sees Ben is the same as how Happy sees Biff and yet Willy still doesn't pay attention to him at all.
- Willy's loyal, loving wife. Static character
- Linda suffers through Willy's grandiose dreams and self-delusions.
- She has nurtured the family through all of Willy's misguided attempts at success
- her emotional strength and perseverance support Willy until his collapse.
-wants attention for Willy
Rubber pipe in Death of a Salesmen
-this shows how Willy wanted to Kill himself.
-Linda does not do anything when she finds it because she believes that he'll be so embarrassed he'll go through with committing suicide.
-She believes that he can move it on his own through a change of heart- she's blindly supportive.
- Biff moves it.
- Biff's old employer who no longer remembers him when Biff goes to his workplace to ask for a job/ money to start a business with Happy.
- Biff steals his pen.
Howard and tape recorder scene significance
-Theme of perception of reality -Willy is lost in his own time/dreams but the world is going on.
-Theme of failing the American Dream.. Howard has a functional family, theme of family values, he values his sons education and Willy does not have this relationship.
-. Willy thinks that being the one who gave Howard's name will save him but his perception of relationships is false. In reality it's what you produce and what you make.
Willy + Bernard
Bernard reveals that Biff changed after Boston.
Bernard is successful because of his school work which is the opposite of what Willy advocated for his own sons.
Bernard and Charlie's father son relationship was strong, less focus on superficial goals.
Willy - "worth more dead than alive
- This quote is a moment of realization for Willy where he sees that he has been pursuing money and success in his jobs but at the end it's meaningless.
- He has been wasting his life away and this foreshadows his suicide.
- His life insurance is going to pay more money than his actual salary.
-Dramatic irony because we know that he is going to die, but Charlie doesn't know that
- Verbal irony is that only after his death that his body is worth something versus when he's life and any of his monetary. This foreshadows his future suicide.
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