Social Identity Theory
Terms in this set (10)
When an individual gets self-esteem from being a member of a group and sees his/her group as superior to others. Actions taken tend to benefit the group.
A result of social categorization, this is when all members of the out-group are seen to have the same characteristics. They are all cheaters or rich or snobby or fashion unaware.
Individuals evaluate their own opinions and abilities by comparing themselves to others in order to reduce uncertainty in these domains, and learn how to define the self. It is a way to build self-esteem and a way to resolve ambiguity.
The cognitive process of allocating people to groups - either as an "in-group" to which one belongs, or an "out-group.." This process helps us to describe and predict the world more efficiently.
Adopting the identity of the group we have categorized ourselves as belonging to
Tajfel and Turner
The classic Kandinsky vs Klee study. Found that boys showed in-group favouritism, but did not dislike the other group of boys.
Abrams et al
Found that people conformed more on the Asch line test when they believed that they were fellow psychology students (in-group) than when they were history students (out-group).
Harris and Fiske
Used an fMRI and found that the amygdala is more active when we look at a member of an out-group.
Bagby and Rector
Found that juries tend to give higher sentences to members of their out-group.
a high level of awareness of your own in-group identity.
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