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Chapter 6: The American Revolution
Terms in this set (10)
Since there is no national government yet Washington depended largely on the willingness of local militias to accept his command and individual colonies to supply soldiers. He had a few trained
Richard Henry Lee and John Adams argued passionately for independence and eventually more cautious delegates like Robert Livingston were convinced. Jefferson summarized his arguments and listed the abuses and crimes perpetrated by King George III against the colonies which justified patriots' decision to break their contract with British authorities
Many loyalists were members of the economic and political Elite who benefited from the British remaining power. The lower class and some elite saw it was time to gain independence and joined the patriots
The Oneida's chief warriors basically said these guys are the same we aren't fighting their war. Colonial troops killed the Shawnee chief Cornstalk under a flag of truce in 1777 leading that nation to ally finally with the British.
After July 4, 1776 battles between British in colonial troops intensified but it was not until December that the patriots celebrated a major military victory. In 1777 however the tide turned for the continental army even as British forces remain formidable. The continental army's victory in the Battle of Saratoga stunned the British; this was a turning point in the war because the French decided to aid the Americans
Women held the fort down at home and were nurses and sometimes even soldiers during the war French officers like Marquis de Lafayette came to the aid of the Americans and helped establish discipline
State governments were afraid that a new national government would take powers from the state level. Another conflict was should slavery be legal a lot of states struggled with this issue.
When Americans heard that France was sending troops few men wanted to volunteer for military service. The new government also had no way of paying the soldiers so they increased taxes on the Homefront. They became indebted to several countries and wealthy patriots.
The Americans managed to defeat one of the most powerful military forces in the world. The American certainly benefited from fighting on their own soil; their knowledge of land and natural resources prepared them for their battles with the British. American also benefited from the help of the French.
Leading patriots had to figure out how to best unify and stabilize the United States. Meanwhile, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams were living abroad as ambassadors strengthening U.S. ties to Britain and France. Political leaders also had to address concerns of former soldiers and ordinary citizens while they developed a new government.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Early America Exam 1 REVIEW QUESTIONS
History 1301: Chapter 1 Review
Chapter 2: Colonization and Conflicts
Chapter 3: Colonial America amid Global Change
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