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Terms in this set (41)
-An imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament. It is in the form of action not narrative through pity and fear.
-Consists of a beginning, middle, and end
Plot must be...
complex, realistic and predictable. It should only include necessary components.
Character's actions must show...
The character itself is less important than the...
Aristotle's Poetics: Parts of a tragedy
What was the purpose of comparing a tragedy to a painting?
The colors and structure of a painting is better when it is simple. This should be applied to plot as well
Saying what is possible and pertinent in given circumstances. Something is proved to be or not to be.
Words should reflect natural character. The choice of words and how they are expressed matter
Help embellish the play
complexity and size
What is the purpose of the ant and elephant comparison?
An ant is too small to see its beauty and an elephant is too big to see the entirety of its beauty. There needs to be a balance of the 2. The same goes for magnitude and plot.
You can't combine all actions of man...
to one action
Union of plot does not
equal union of hero
Is more philosophical than history.
Has reversal of the situation. Is better
Reversal of the Situation
Things go from good to bad
Does not have reversal of the situation
Change from ignorance to knowledge
Reversal of the situation
Scene of Suffering
Scene of Suffering
Destructive or painful action. Usually offstage
Dramatic Structure of a Tragedy
1. Prologue-opening portion that sets the scene
2.Parados-Entrance song of the chorus
3.Episodes-Scenes of action
4.Stasimon-Choral passage alternating with episodes with odes
6.Exodos-Exiting scene of the play
When writing a tragedy, the author must...
focus on what he wants and not what the audience wants
A well constructed plot will...
deal with a single issue
-Must be relatable
-Must Face Adversity
-Needs to be someone who can be knocked
-Have valour if it's a man
5 types of Catharsis
1. Action may be consciously and with knowledge of the person
2.The deed of horror is done out of ignorance
3.To be about to act with knowledge and the choose not to act.
4.Someone is about to do a deed through ignorance, and then makes the discovery before it is done
5-the worst-to be about to act knowing the person, and then not to act
For a tragic act to be meaningful...
-the person doing the bad act to the hero should have a close relation.
-Tragedy must be done purposefully and be known by person committing the act
Types of Anagnorisis/ananaresis
1. Any formal proof of physical evidence by use of signs such as a birthmark, scar, tattoo etc.
2.When a person reveals their own identity
3.Any sight that awakens a memory of the past such as music
4.The process of reasoning made by one's own discovery such as gathering clues.
5.An uninfluenced discovery made by sheer coincidence or accident
What is the best way to construct a tragedy?
-To critique it as if you were an audience member
-Have emotions be evident, convincing, and natural
-Have an outline first, then details
a terrible situation
2 parts of a Tragedy
1.Complication-parts leading up to the climax
2.Unravelling (denouement)-parts after the climax
4 Types of Tragedy
1.Complex-depends entirely on peripeteia and ananaresis
2.Pathetic-motive is passion
3.Ethical-motives are ethical
4.Simple-spectacular or emotional element is left out (opposite of complex).
Diction and thought...
should not be poetic
should speak for themselves without diction and thought and invoke pity and fear
A single action in dramatic poems should
yield more than one outcome, have a beginning middle and end, and consist of action not time
Similarities between Epics and Tragedies
-Simple, complex or pathetic
Differences between Epics and Tragedies
-epics are shorter
-Epics have more than one plot
-Tragedies-only one thing can happen at a time
Certain measures are better for certain things.
-You can't mix measures
-longer epics are only better in heroic verse
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