staggers english final
Terms in this set (87)
An essential clause is a relative clause that limits a general, ambiguous noun. The essential clause tells the reader which one of many the writer means.
why don't we use punctuation with an essential clause
because an essential clause provides necessary limits on the vague noun it describes, use no punctuation to connect it.
why do you need to punctuate a non essential clause
When the clause becomes decorative rather than defining—or nonessential—you will then need to separate it with commas:
non essential clause
Not necessary to complete a sentence; just added, descriptive information
a word, phrase or clause that breaks the flow of a sentence
the active voice
when the subject is doing the action like "steve loves amy" "I heard it through the grapevine"
the passive voice
focuses on the object rather than the subject, or the noun that receives the action rather than the noun which performs that action."amy is loved by steve." or, It was heard by me through the grapevine"
has a subject and verb and makes a complete thought
a piece of a complete thought that has been punctuated like a sentence. they can be phrases or dependent clauses or any incomplete word group
A group of words with a meaning; an expression
does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence, even though it has a subject and a verb,
when two sentences are run together without the proper punctuation or connecting words
when two sentences are written together without an punctuation at all
occurs when a comma is used between two sentences without FANBOYS
how can you fix run ons
a period, comma FANBOYS, semicolon, semicolon + transition word, add dependent clause signal to create a complex sentence.
what do you need before a colon
a full sentnece
three things to remember about semi colon
two main clauses that the semicolon joins should be closely related in meaning,
don't capitalize the word that folows the semicolon unless that word is a proper noiun
limit use of semicolons.
A noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. they add information about a particular noun or pronoun.
what to remember about appositives
an appositive that is not essential to the meaning of a setnence is set off by commas, but an appositive that is essential to the meaning of a setnence is not set off by commas
adj, extremely thin and bony as from great hunger or torture
noun a bony shield covering a part of an animal
adj/noun, a great number of persons or things
noun, any various types of boats small enough for sailing by one person
verb, to make void, or null, abolish, cancel
noun, small organisms that float or drift
noun, a luminous appearance
verb, to gather into a compact roll and bind securely
noun, moves with a wave like motion
adj, pleasantly calm or peaceful
adj having the nature of jelly especially in consistency
noun, the mouth or gullet of an animal
noun , the upper edge of a vessel
n. A long curved blade for mowing, reaping, etc.
a straight sword with a narrow blade and two edges
a fishing tool
A long spear-like instrument used in fishing to catch fish or large marine mammals such as whales.
when one line of poetry continues onto the next line and stands out
the dictionary definition of a word
the ideas or feelings we associate with a word
a poem written with no formal structure, rhyme scheme or rhythm
the repetition of vowel sounds and is not necessarily rhyme
repetition of consonant sounds in the middle of words
when words almost rhyme
noun, an unfortunate situation
noun, scorn or contempt
noun, courage, or personal bravery
adjective, deeply engrossed or absorbed
verb, to think or infer without strong evidence
noun, something of small degree, little value
noun, a lengthy letter or command
noun, a feeing of guilt or remorse
adjective, superior to others, absolute, supreme power or royal
adjective, has to do with the physical body
something incrediby bitter noun
to listen, exclamation
verb, to punish
noun, a state of inactivity
adjective, of the common people
noun, a person's manner, bearing or appearance, expressing personality or mood
noun, a person usually without a permanent home, who wanders from place to place
verb, to find fault with or to reproach
either to caution or to scold
adjective, burdensome or oppressive
excessively taking in a rambling manner especially about trivial manners
annoyed or irritated
when something or someone is not in its correct historical time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time
with undiminished force power or vigor
thoroughly dried up
to make criticisms or denunciations often followed with against.
list all four ways to integrate a quote
1. Introduce the quotation with a complete sentence and a colon.
2. Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma.
3. Make the quotation a part of your own sentence without any punctuation between your own words and the words you are quoting.
4. Use short quotations--only a few words--as part of your own sentence.
'that' replaces a
what are the two punctuation marks that can only be used to introduce a quote
a colon and a comma
If there are no author's name and page number in parentheses, the commas and periods go_____ the final quotation mark
inside ("like this.").
Semicolons and colons go ______ of the final quotation mark
outside ("like this";).
marks go ____ of the final quotation mark if they are a part of the original--the writer's question or exclamation
inside, ("like this!").
state the three rules
Rule 1: Complete sentence: "quotation."
Rule 2: Someone says, "quotation."
Rule 3: If Rules 1 and 2 do not apply, do not use any punctuation between your words and the quoted words.
Things to master when writing an english essay
1) make sure you answer the question
2) make an outline ( thesis and supporting points)
3) jump right in ( no need for a lengthy intro)
in order to use a semi colon
the independent clauses must be closely related
what was the best piece you wrote this semester
what was good about your best piece
simplistic tone, yet creative. saved best for last, imagery, radiated who I am and truly exposed who I felt
what was your writing stragegy that made your paper good
being alone, silence to listen to my own thoughts rather than someone's pouring through my ears, no artificial eloquence, went to sleep had a nightmare and immediately starting writing because I had a clear brain with one thought.
top two writing weaknesses
awkward sentences, and over perfection
whichpapers contained your first weaknesses
what does it mean, macbeth's banqet
which papers contained your second weakness?
suffering, fathers and sons, what does it mean
are there siumilar weaknesses to your papers
flagrant wording rather than getting straight to the point
improvements as a writer?
my ability to express my thoughts and finding the right words
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