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Terms in this set (40)
Professionals should gather information about clients from
Multiple sources (tests, interviews, third parties, client themselves)
What is step one in assessment?
Figuring out the problem we are testing for
What is used to gather background information on clients?
Be careful about tests that discriminate! What are these tests called?
Counselors of all types, in every setting, need to be aware of protecting confidentiality (particularly of any health information in every setting) including assessment information. What protects this information?
Name some barriers to effective multicultural counseling
Personal biases, language, cultural insensitivity, different in class and cultural values
What is the old name for intellectual disability?
When you're using an interview, what are some of the major guidelines?
Consistency, confidentiality (or lack of), combo of open and closed questions (start with open)
Is nonverbal behavior important?
What is the difference between a structured and unstructured interview?
Structured: less flexible, formal, no deviation in procedure (research) Unstructured: widely used, flexible, informal, general format (mental health setting)
What is the difference between standardized and nonstandardized tests?
S: more formal, guidelines (SOL, SAT) NS: less formal (test given in class)
What is event reporting?
Tallying up how many times an event happens (ex: everytime someone says like or everytime a behavior occurs)
What is an ordinal scale
Putting objects in an order
ex. 1st place, 2nd place, etc
If our class takes the test next Wednesday and Apperson said that the scores had a curve that was negatively skewed, would the class be happy or sad?
What is the median?
The middle value in a set of scores
What is the mode?
The most frequent value in a set of scores
What is the relationship between the variance and the standard deviation?
If the variance is 81, the standard deviation is 9. The standard deviation is the square root of the variance
If the mean is 50 and the standard deviation is 10, what scores fall at +1 SD and -1 SD?
+1 is 60, -1 is 40
What do we call a group of scores that test people use to compare another person's scores to?
The norm group
If Raquel scores in the 95th percentile what does that mean?
She scored higher than 95% of people who took the test. The other 5% of people scored the same as or higher than her.
What are T-scores, Z-scores, CEEB scores, and deviation IQ scores collectively?
A T-score always has a fixed mean and a fixed standard deviation--What are they?
Mean of 50, SD of 10
What do you need in order to find the T-score?
The Z-score (10z+50)
How does a Z-score work?
Z-score takes the raw scores and expresses them in standard deviations
What is another type of normalized standard score (that schools like) that categorizes scores in 9 big standard units
Stanines (standard nines)
What is good about grade equivalents?
It is nice to know if the student is above or below the norm of other students in that same grade
What do you need to calculate the z-score?
Raw score, mean, and standard deviation
Two observers are observing a child somewhere and they get different results , what do we call those differences?
If the reliability coefficient is .27, am I happy?
No, that means ,73 is random chance.
If someone has a score of 100 on a test and it had a standard error of measurement of 5, we can assume that 68% of the time his score can fall between ____ and ____
95 and 105
If I want to increase the reliability of a test, what is a good way to do that?
Add more questions
Can a test be valid if its not reliable?
Can a test be reliable if it is not valid?
What do we want in terms of validity coefficients?
.5 and above
What do we want in terms of reliability coefficients?
.9 and above
What is it called when in trying to identify a construct and we come at it from two different tests to see if they score high on both the other tests and on your test?
What is in question when your professor is a jerk and they put questions that weren't in the notes on the test?
What's a good source of information about tests?
Mental measurements yearbook
What is a source that is potentially good but can be biased?
A test's manual
If you're scoring a performance assessment (like a paper or essay) and you want to do the best you can to increase the reliability in the scoring, what can you do?
Create a rubric
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