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2306 government chapters 4-6
Terms in this set (75)
In Texas, voters can choose on election day in which primary they will participate.
When comparing local elections to statewide elections, the candidate pool in local elections tends to be more
Suppose one of the U.S. senators from the state of Texas suddenly resigns, leaving another year to be served of his or her term. How will the remainder of this person's term be filled?
Through a special election
When did women in Texas receive full suffrage?
When the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920
Beginning with the 2020 election, how will voting ballots be different in Texas?
Voters who want to vote a straight ticket will have to make a separate mark for each candidate they wish to choose
In counties with a 5 percent or greater language minority, Texas requires
ballots and election materials be printed in other languages in addition to English.
Historically, how does the voter turnout in Texas compare to voter turnout nationwide?
The voter turnout in Texas has been consistently lower than the turnout nationwide.
In 2011, the Texas legislature enacted one of the strictest voter ID laws in the nation that was eventually struck down by the courts. The Texas legislature responded by passing a new law allowing individuals to vote based on what condition?
Individuals must sign an affidavit swearing that they had a reasonable impediment to obtaining a standard ID and then they must show alternate proof of identity
In Texas, if no candidate receives a majority of votes cast for a particular office in the first primary,
a second runoff primary is required between the two candidates who received the highest number of votes
Money spent by political parties for activities such as get-out-the-vote drives is known as
A party must hold a primary if it receives
20 percent of the gubernatorial vote in the prior election
If a county decides to use a decentralized system for administering general elections, which person has the most responsibility?
The county clerk
In Texas, all candidates—whether a party nominee, an independent, or a member of a minor party—are automatically placed on the general election ballot.
Considering the most important variables that lead to electoral participation, which statement below summarizes voter participation in Texas?
Because a large portion of the Texas population lives in poverty, they are less likely to vote.
How does competition between political parties affect voter turnout in Texas?
Texas's history as a one-party state has taken away from the competitiveness of elections and reduced voter interest and turnout.
The MOST important demographic variables that influence whether or not a person votes are
education, income, and age
What two factors dominate election outcomes in state elections?
Party identification and incumbency
Texas political parties select their nominees for the general election through the use of
To win a general election in Texas, how many votes must a candidate receive?
Which person exemplifies the participation paradox?
Even though Ben knows his vote probably won't change the outcome of an election, he votes anyway
Which person would be considered a crossover voter?
Evan, a Democrat, votes for a moderate candidate in the Republican primary.
Which candidate is using the strategy known as negative campaigning?
Lester is running for a position with the Texas legislature. Rather than tout his own accomplishments, Lester attacks the character of his opponent to make voters think his opponent is untrustworthy.
Texas required individuals to pay a poll tax to vote in state elections until it was declared unconstitutional by the
The Australian ballot, adopted by Texas in 1892, allowed people to
vote in secret.
Texas has fairly specific laws about recounts. Identify one of these laws.
A candidate can request a recount if he or she loses by less than 10 percent.
The party in the electorate refers to the
identification of citizens with the parties.
What situation is taking place when increasing numbers of voters choose to distance themselves from either party, Democratic or Republican, and instead consider themselves to be independents?
Eligibility for participation in the precinct convention is open to
all who vote in the first primary election.
Which Republican Party faction began to play a prominent role in the Texas Republican Party in the 1980s?
Evangelical or fundamentalist Christians
Two events in the early twentieth century solidified the position of the Democrats in Texas politics—the institution of party primary "reforms" and
the Great Depression
Who is most likely considered to be a liberal?
Talia is supportive of social welfare programs and social equality.
After Texas became a state, the Democratic Party dominated Texas politics until the 1980s. However, Republicans are now dominant in lower-level offices in much of Texas and hold a majority of the seats in the Texas House of Representatives and Senate. As a result, it can be said that Texas has experienced a(n)
What does your text suggest is the MOST important reason that the Republican Party failed to compete in Texas historically?
The image the Republican Party created during the Reconstruction was that of an abusive and corrupt government.
The first major step in the rejuvenation of the Republican Party in Texas came in 1961, when
John Tower was elected to the U.S. Senate.
In a heated debate among state legislators proposing an idea to reform education, a representative speaks up and states "I don't care about how the principle works in theory, just tell me whether or not the idea will work." The representative's statement exemplifies the philosophy known as
Which group most likely supports progressive taxes, like the federal income tax?
A presidential preference primary allows voters in the party primary to
vote directly on the party's presidential nominee.
Under the Republic of Texas, political divisions were usually oriented around support of, or opposition to
Sam Houston, a leading founder of the Republic.
What activity would be performed by a party organization?
Recruiting candidates for office
A candidate running for office campaigns on the idea of growing the economy, so all Americans will prosper. Since virtually all Americans agree that economic prosperity is a good thing, this candidate's issue is a
Conservatives often support government involvement and funding to promote business with the belief that this assistance will encourage economic development and prosperity for the whole society. This ideology is known as
Political parties and candidates tend to focus the least amount of attention on which type of issues?
Which group of people could cause the phenomenon of "tipping" in Texas?
The electoral process in Texas relies on single-member districts. Because of this, the two-party system dominates the competitive structure of Texas politics.
In Federalist Paper 10, James Madison argued that political parties (or factions) were
divisive but inevitable
How are American parties organized?
In a decentralized manner
The Populist Party that seriously challenged the Democratic Party in Texas in 1896 was comprised of
farmers, sharecroppers, laborers, and African Americans
Which group of people is LEAST likely to support the Republican Party?
Families with low incomes
Kathryn is a Texas state senator who works diligently to get her policy priorities on the Senate's agenda. Kathryn is an example of which function of a political party?
Party in government
Phoebe has supported candidates of different parties in different election years, and she is not bound by party identification. As such, Phoebe would be characterized as a
Identify the example of a mixed interest group?
A group fighting discrimination against Latinos
Which person exemplifies the reason why many people join noneconomic interest groups?
Sandra strongly believes that life begins at conception. She joined the Texas Right to Life movement because of her beliefs.
Interest group influence in the form of political participation through speaking, writing, and petitioning government for "redress of grievances" is a protected right guaranteed by which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
A group of wealthy Texans might contribute to a campaign in order to help their lobbyists "get in the door" and talk about their needs with legislative officials. This is known as gaining
Issue networks are likely to address
broad public policy questions.
When many smaller interests, such as industries, wholesalers, producers, retailers, and professionals, join together to promote their common policy goals, it is called a(n)
Because they have the money to maintain permanent headquarters in the state capital and can employ clerical and research staffs, groups such as the Texas Association of Business and the Texas Oil and Gas Association are considered to be among the most powerful interest groups in the state
A long-standing alliance among interest groups, legislators, and bureaucrats held together by mutual self-interest and who act as a subsystem in the legislative and administrative decision-making process is referred to as a(n)
Current Texas Governor, Greg Abbott declared ethics reform to be a top priority in his administration and he has made significant progress toward tightening the loose rules governing the behavior of lobbyists and public officials
When an issue network taps into a large set of issues important to masses of people who are seeking broad changes in the direction of government policies, the issue network has blossomed into a(n)
Which tactic is especially effective in generating publicity for special interest groups because it creates a sort of "theater" that is well suited for television news and online media sites?
Organizing marches and demonstrations
What statement BEST describes the idea of co-optation?
When a government agency, established to regulate a particular industry, ends up being influenced and controlled by the agency it was supposed to regulate
Outraged by the number of fatalities in the state due to drunk driving, a group of concerned citizens voluntarily ban together to pressure lawmakers to increase spending on alcohol awareness programs. This group is an example of
an interest group
In Texas, which type of interest group is the most powerful and is frequently aligned with the Republican Party?
Business and professional groups
What type of lobbying occurs when special interest groups orchestrate demonstrations to give the impression of widespread and spontaneous public support for the issues they support?
Which theory views the state as being ruled by a small number of participants who exercise power to further their own self-interest?
The elitist theory
Which individual subscribes to the pluralist theory of interest groups regarding public policy in a free society?
Colin thinks that public policy should be made by a multitude of competing interest groups, assuring that policies will not benefit a single elite at the expense of the many
Because they seek the betterment of society without affecting their members' finances, public interest groups such as Environment Texas are considered to be
noneconomic interest groups.
What are late-train contributions?
Campaign funds given to the winning candidate after the election up to 30 days before the legislature comes into session
Because Texas does not require a "cooling-off" period nor ban legislators from becoming lobbyists immediately after leaving office, many ex-lawmakers in Texas become lobbyists for the very interest groups they once regulated. This is referred to as
the revolving door.
An interest group representative arranges to meet with a state legislator to convince the legislator to support a particular public policy. This activity is referred as
In the rule-making process, the legislature allows executive agencies wide latitude to make decisions within the broad requirements set out in the law. This is referred to as
The simplest way to classify interest groups is based on the number of members the group contains.
What does NOT have to be reported by lobbyists in the report they file with the Texas Ethics Commission?
The exact dollar amount of compensation received
Business and professional groups, educational groups, agricultural groups, or labor groups that seek financial advantages for their members are referred to as
economic interest groups.
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