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36 terms

WYAMS - Ancient India

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monsoon
strong winds that blow across the region at certain times of the year
subcontinent
a large landmass that juts out from a continent
citadel
a fortress in a city
migrate
to move from one place to settle in another area
caste
a social class of people
Indus River
location of the first major civilization on the Indian subcontinent
Himalayas
large mountain range that separates India from the rest of Asia
Harrapa
One of the major ancient cities from this region
Aryans
people who migrated from central Asia to the Indian subcontinent.
Vedas
Religious books of the Aryans and are an important text in the religion of Hinduism.
brahman
a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything.
avatar
a representation of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form.
reincarnation
the rebirth of the soul in the body of another living being.
dharma
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
ahimsa
the Hindu idea of non-violence
yoga
physical exercises Hindus believe free their souls from the cares of the world
Om
Hindus believe this is the sound of the universe; it is also the symbol for Hinduism
Brahma
The Hindu creator god
Vishnu
The Hindu god that protects humans
Shiva
The Hindu god of destruction
meditate
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
nirvana
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
missionary
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
Buddha
Name given to Siddhartha Gautama after he became enlightened; means "the enlightened one"
mountain pass
opening in a mountain that allowed the Aryans to enter South Asia
Upanishads
One of the religious texts of Hinduism
Ganges River
River in South Asia that is sacred to the religion of Hinduism
Maurya
Indian empire founded by Chandragupta, beginning with his kingdom in northeastern India and spreading to most of northern and central India.
convert
to change one's beliefs; in particular, to change from one religion to another
tolerance
freedom from prejudice
Asoka
leader of the Maurya Empire that converted to Buddhism; brought great peace to his empire
stupa
Buddhist monument
Chandragupta
founder of the Maurya empire.
The Eightfold Path
Buddha developed this eight-step plan to end suffering
The Middle Way
The Buddha developed this plan to end suffering; also known as the Eightfold path
elephant
animal used by the Mauryan empire to terrorize their enemies.

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