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24 terms

Chapter 3: online

STUDY
PLAY
Research studies of the content of dreams indicate that
people are more likely to dream of failure than of success.
Bed-wetting is most likely to occur at the end of ________ sleep.
slow-wave
While reading a novel, Raoul isn't easily distracted by the sounds of the TV or even by his brothers' loud arguments. This best illustrates
selective attention.
One plausible theory suggests that hypnosis relieves pain by
distracting attention.
The rhythmic bursts of brain activity that occur during Stage 2 sleep are called
sleep spindles.
Bats need a lot of sleep because their high waking metabolism produces ________ that are toxic to neurons.
free radicals
Repeated use of an opiate
decreases the brain's production of endorphins.
Research on the use of addictive drugs indicates that
many people are able to stop using addictive drugs without professional help.
Amphetamines ________ appetite and ________ self-confidence.
decrease; increase
After sleeping for about an hour and a half, José enters a phase of paradoxical sleep. He is likely to
have very relaxed muscles.
Sleep deprivation ________ the production of body fat by ________ levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
stimulates; increasing
Compared to adults, children are
more likely to experience night terrors and more likely to experience sleepwalking.
One of the dangers of using Ecstasy at all-night dances is
dehydration.
After flying from California to New York, Arthur experienced a restless, sleepless night. His problem was most likely caused by a disruption of his normal
circadian rhythm.
Research on susceptibility to hypnosis indicates that
people who are highly responsive to hypnotic suggestion tend to become absorbed in the imaginary events of a novel or a movie.
Compared to when they were only 20 years old, 60-year-olds
Compared to when they were only 20 years old, 60-year-olds
When cocaine is injected or smoked, it produces a rush of euphoria that lasts 15 to 30 minutes. But the stimulant drug ________ can trigger 8 hours or so of heightened energy and euphoria.
methamphetamine
Which of the following psychoactive drugs is most likely to impair people's ability to sleep?
caffeine
People can be hypnotically induced to
report little pain from placing their arms in an ice bath.
A bank teller was so distracted by the sight of a bank robber's weapon that she failed to perceive important features of the criminal's physical appearance. This best illustrates
selective attention.
Narcolepsy is a disorder involving
periodic uncontrollable attacks of overwhelming sleepiness.
Consciousness is
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
At 1:00 A.M., Luis gets out of bed and begins to sleepwalk. An EEG of his brain activity is most likely to indicate the presence of
delta waves
By decreasing REM sleep, alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long- term memory. This disruptions occurs because REM sleep
By decreasing REM sleep, alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory. This disruptions occurs because REM sleep