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Nutrition Unit 1 Exam: Chap 1, 2, 3 (Newton)
Terms in this set (50)
One cup of apple juice has 111 kilocalories and 1.4 mg of vitamin C. The same serving size of orange juice has 112 kilocalories and 124 mg of vitamin C. Which of the following is true regarding their nutrient density?
Orange juice is more nutrient dense for vitamin C than apple juice.
Which of the following nutrients can directly supply energy for human use?
Lipids and oils
According to MyPlate, how much do you need from the Protein Foods group when consuming a 2,000-calorie diet?
5 1/2 ounce-equivalents every day
Transmission of nerve impulses relies on the concentrations of ______ in the neuron.
sodium and potassium
Which of the following is an important dietary recommendation for avoiding heartburn?
Eat smaller meals that are lower in fat.
Which of the following is characteristic of lipids?
Supply a concentrated form of fuel for the body
In the _________________ experimental design, neither the participants nor the researchers are aware of each participant's assignment (test or placebo) or the outcome of the study until it is completed.
RDAs are NOT used in food labeling because
they are age- and gender-specific.
The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid patterns dietary data from parts of the Mediterranean region that enjoy
the lowest recorded rates of chronic diseases.
All of the following are characteristics of heartburn EXCEPT which one?
It subsides when a person relaxes and lies down after a meal.
______ tissue is part of rigid body structures, such as bone and cartilage.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend which of the following?
Limit calories from saturated fats and added sugars.
Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, released in 2008, advise a minimum of minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity for adults.
Which of the following is stored within the nucleus of the cell and acts as a code book for synthesizing specific proteins?
Which hormone functions in the regulation of the body's metabolic rate?
You pick up a box of Cheerios cereal in the supermarket. The Nutrition Facts panel tells you that a 1-cup serving provides 25 percent of the ______ for iron.
The muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract are called
Ann Miles, a triathlete, wants to eat a health-promoting diet and achieve dietary adequacy. Which of the following behaviors exemplifies the concept of dietary moderation?
Plan to eat something relatively low in fat and sodium for dinner if she had a breakfast that was high in fat and sodium.
A kilocalorie is a measure of
A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kilocalories and 30 grams of fat. Approximately ______ of the total energy is provided by fat.
In order to make healthful and logical nutrition decisions, beware of
testimonials about personal experience.
Excessive acid production in the stomach or upper small intestine could result in
Which of the following is NOT a function of the urinary system?
Excretion of fat-soluble vitamins
A food label states that a serving of a particular product provides 20 percent of the Daily Value for fat. This means that
a serving of this product provides about 13 grams of fat.
According to MyPlate, consumption of foods from the Grains group should include
at least half of the grain servings as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every day.
Which of the following is a feature of the lymphatic system?
It picks up and transports dietary lipids.
Pat purchases a 2-liter bottle of root beer. This would be approximately
Which absorptive process in the small intestine requires a carrier and energy to transport nutrients into absorptive cells?
Which meal contains foods from all food groups represented in MyPlate?
Refried beans, onions, tomatoes, and cheddar cheese wrapped in a tortilla; orange; and water
Which of the following is not true about water?
Which of the following is NOT considered part of the GI tract?
The Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) of the National Academy of Sciences advocates that 10% to 35% of calories come from protein and ________________ of calories from carbohydrate.
45% to 65%
One serving of Raisin Bran cereal contains 50 percent of the 18 mg Daily Value for iron. How much iron will one serving of your cereal provide?
A recurrent and serious form of heartburn is called
gastroesophageal reflux disease.
A compound that allows for communication between one cell and the next is a
Which of the following is true about digestive enzymes?
Enzymes that work in the acidic environment of the stomach cannot work in the basic or alkaline environment of the small intestine and vice versa.
Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the MyPlate Fruit group?
Include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servings.
Missy visits a doctor because she feels tired most of the time, is easily distracted, and feels chilled. As part of her examination, Missy has blood drawn to be tested for concentrations of nutrients and their by-products. This part of the examination is the
The walls of the small intestine are folded, and within the folds are fingerlike projections called
Which of the following includes all energy-yielding substances?
Alcohol, carbohydrates, lipids, protein
When in Europe, you are told that you are eating a steak weighing 140 grams. This is equivalent to how many ounces?
A meal consisting of a cheeseburger, large fries, and a chocolate shake provides a total of 1,120 kilocalories. Forty-eight percent of the energy in the meal is from carbohydrate and 13 percent is from protein. How many kilocalories of fat does the meal contain?
According to the Dietary Guidelines, adults should _______________ intake of fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products.
Gram for gram, which provides the most energy?
Which of the following body organs produces bile?
On average, Americans consume approximately ______% of total kilocalories as fat.
Jeff, a world-class triathlete, visits a dietitian to obtain sports nutrition advice. During his visit, Jeff is asked to recall what he ate for the past 24 hours. Which part of a nutritional assessment is this?
One cup of chocolate milk contains 15 grams of carbohydrates, 8 grams of fat, and 8 grams of protein. This cup of chocolate milk supplies ______ kilocalories.
The 2012 Food and Health Survey indicated that after taste, __________ is now the number two reason why people choose the food they do.
When there is insufficient research to determine the RDA for a nutrient, the ______, based on estimates of intakes that appear to maintain a defined nutritional state in a specific life stage, is the nutrient standard.
Adequate Intake (AI)
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