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The federal government under the Articles of Confederation- structure, powers, successes and failures, the economy and handling of money between the national and state governments.
Successes- land organized settlement of the northwest territory
Failure- economic depression, inflation, inability to collect taxes
they had one vote
Why did Congress state that the natives had forfeited all rights to their lands?
When it was written the national government had more
How did settlers in the western territories view their rights compared to the rights of the natives to the same lands?
- Americans think they have the right to take the land regardless of the fact that the Natives live on that land.
- They have no rights
- Not the native's land
Which of the following people would have been the most likely supporters of the constitution?
Describe the men who attended the Constitutional Convention compared to everyone else.
Who kept the notes of the Convention?
Know the details of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans. Which states liked which plan, and the details of the Great Compromise
- Votes according to population
- Virginia wanted two houses based on population
- Great compromise-two houses, house of representative by population, each state has two senators.
Be familiar with the powers of the President, Legislature and the Judiciary and the checks on the powers of each.
PRESIDENT: commander and chief & enforces the law
LEGISLATOR: make laws
JUDICIARY: the president appoints judiciary, judge serves for life
What did the Constitution do concerning slavery?
- prohibited further importation of slaves
- 3/5 law
What were the Federalist Papers and who wrote them?
collection of 85 essays in support of the constitution; Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Who were the Anti-federalists? (Which founding fathers)?
Sam Adams, John Hancock, Patrick Henry
What was the message of Letters from an American Farmer?
What percentage of the American population was African American in the early years of the republic?
What were the provisions of the Naturalization Act of 1790? (Who was
eligible for citizenship?)
free white people
Debates between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson concerning the future of the United States ( interpretation of the Constitution, trading partners, allies, state's rights, and federalism, etc.)
- Thomas Jefferson was an anti-federalist, didn't want a Bank of the United States, was the head of the Republican party
- TJ wants to constitution to be strict fav ally-france
- Alexander Hamilton says we need a stronger government, federalists, wanted to make a Bank of the United States
Hamilton's financial plan
Excess tax on whiskey
Tax on all imported goods
set up a national bank
assume all state debts
The French Revolution- King Louis XVI, America's reaction
- beheaded by citizens
- Thomas Jefferson thinks that revolution is a good idea
The "Revolution of 1800" according to Thomas Jefferson
- Change in power
- Revolution for the people
Importance of Marbury vs Madison
- judicial review
- william marbury gets court to tell madison to deliver appointments
- court says no
Why did Jefferson send the United States Navy to North Africa?
Why do some historians say the War of 1812 should be the War of 1811?
- William harrison was fighting the Indians before the war with british.
- The Indians allied with the british
Jay's Treat- Why was it needed? What was in it? Which countries signed it? What did the US get?
- john jay
- signed between the united states and britain
- America needs it because britain keeps kidnapping american sailors
- US did not get much
- America gave britain favored nation status
How were Shays Rebellion and the Whiskey Rebellion similar and different? What did the difference signify for the future of the country?
- both rebellions of people that can't pay taxes
- both rebelling pay taxes
- shay's rebellion was put down by the Massachusetts state government, last thing that makes them realize we need a new constitution
- Wiskey rebellion ended when Georder washington and the US military showed up, proves the US will survive because they have the power to control in their own country.
Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Women
- she writes an essay that gets published as a book
- women should be educated to be wives and mothers and in case they need to take care of themselves
The presidential election of 1796- who ran and what were the results
- john adams and thomas pickeney
- thomas jefferson and aaron burr
- john adams won as president
- thomas jefferson won as vice president
Alien and Sedition Acts and the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
- any immigrant that is considered dangerous or could cause any problem would be deported
- anyone who criticized the government could be arrested
- alien and sedition acts were direct violations of the constitution
- virgina and kentucky resolutions state that since those laws are unconstitutional, the states don't have to enforce them
The "Revolution of 1800" according to Thomas Jefferson
- change in power
- we are returning to our true heritage of liberty
- get rid of terrible federalists and become republican
Fletcher vs Peck - Supreme Court decision
- extends judicial review to the states
- a law that texas writes is now subject to supreme court revision
What were the causes of the War of 1812?
impressment and violation of american international rights
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