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PSY 101: Chapter 9 (Intelligence and IQ Testing)
Terms in this set (57)
diagnostic tool designed to measure overall thinking ability
capacity to understand hypothetical concepts
hypothetical factor that accounts for overall differences in intellect among people
g (General Intelligence)
particular ability level in a narrow domain
s (Specific Abilities)
capacity to learn new ways of solving problems (__________ Intelligence)
accumulated knowledge of the world acquired over time
idea that people vary in their ability levels across different domains of intellectual skill
Howard Gardner (1999) proposed ________ different intelligences
the ability to grasp deep philosophical ideas like the meaning of life
model of intelligence proposed by Robert Sternberg posting three distinct types of intelligence: analytical, practical, and creative
intelligence test based on the measure developed by Binet and Simon, adapted by Lewis Terman of Stanford University
Stanford-Binet IQ Test
systematic means of quantifying differences among people in their intelligence
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
age corresponding to the average individual's performance on an intelligence test
expression of a person's IQ relative to his or her same-aged peers
movement in the early twentieth century to improve a population's genetic stock by encouraging those with good genes to reproduce, preventing those with bad genes from reproducing, or both
most widely used intelligence test for adults today, consisting of 15 subtests to assess different types of mental abilities
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
abstract reasoning measure that doesn't depend on language and is often believed to be less influenced by cultural factors than other IQ tests are
Culture-Fair IQ Test
distribution of scores in which the bulk of the scores fall toward the middle, with progressively fewer scores toward the "tails" or extremes
condition characterized by an onset prior to adulthood, an IQ below about 70, and an inability to engage in adequate daily functioning
finding that average IQ scores have been rising at a rate of approximately three points per decade
extent to which the variability of a trait within a group is genetically influenced
extent to which differences in a trait between group is genetically influenced
tendency of a test to predict outcomes better in one group than another
fear that we may confirm a negative group stereotype
capacity to generate many different solutions to a problem
capacity to generate the single best solution to a problem
ability to understand our own emotions and those of others and to apply this information to our daily lives (____________ intelligence)
application of intelligence toward a common good
____________ people have learned to achieve a balance among three interests: concerns about oneself, concerns about others, and concerns about the broader society
our psychological defenses against evidence that contradicts our views (____________ immune system)
psychological tests that yield relatively consistent results are said to be __________
Those who take classes designed to improve their scores on standardized tests, such as the SAT, seem to enjoy improved scores when they take the test after the course. It would be easy to assume that the course was responsible for the improvement, but this would be ignoring which principle of critical thinking?
Correlation vs. Causation
the ability to produce solutions to problems that are novel and successful is called ____________
Rosenthal's "bloomers" study demonstrated that _____________ teacher expectations of students led to ____________ academic performance.
a psychological test that measures what we intend it to measure is said to be ___________
_________ thinking refers to the capacity to generate the single best solution to a problem
According to Robert Sternberg, _______________ is best described as "street smarts," or the ability to use information to get along in life.
the type of intelligence that allows you to learn to play your first few notes on a saxophone is called ______________
The expressed purpose of the eugenics movement was to improve a population's genetic stock by implementing ________________ plans for those of low IQ to prevent them from breeding.
___________ = trait (primarily mental)
solving problems and puzzles that aren't knowledge based, does not increase with age, more related to g, peaks at around age 25/early adulthood, ex: Rubik's cube
the cause of positive correlations among ability tests
g (General Intelligence)
s (Specific Abilities)
ability derived from knowledge and experience with culture, education, history, day-to-day life, or anything that you have learned and can apply, increases with age, ex: trivial pursuit, crossword puzzle
_______________ multiple intelligences. Concluded this by looking at individuals with special abilities or talents.
An intelligence is an ability that permits problem solving or making products in one particular area. A person can have great skills in one area, but issues in another. 8 main intelligences: linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist.
______________ triarchic model
ability to reason logically (ex: book smart)
ability to solve real-world problems, especially people problems (ex: street smart)
ability to come up with novel and effective answers to questions
_________________ (1905). Evaluated memory, vocabulary, common knowledge, use of numbers, understanding time, and ability to combine ideas. Distinguished chronological age and mental age. Place children in appropriate grade levels, and identify children that needed special help (or couldn't learn).
a child's performance on the test compared to the scores of children in different age groups
formula: (Mental age/actual age) X 100
an IQ of ___________ was considered average
Score determined by how much more or less you scored relative to others in your age group. Helps overcome problem of comparing scores across age groups. Very competitive system.
____________ have more variability than _____________
______________ higher on verbal, ___________ on spatial
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